Europa World: The Europa World Year Book online Routledge -- Taylor & Francis group
 
 

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Publisher: Juliet Love
Senior Editor, Statistics: Philip McIntyre
Senior Editor, Directory: Iain Frame
Regional Editors: Imogen Gladman, Cathy Hartley, Dominic Heaney, Christopher Matthews, Jackie West
International Organizations Editor: Helen Canton
Contributing Editors:Vera Browne, Simon Chapman, Catriona Holman, Katharine Murison, Jillian O’Brien, Gareth Vaughan, Gareth Wyn Jones
Editorial Assistant: Eleanor Simmons
Statistics Researchers: Mohd Khalid Ansari (Senior Research and Training Associate), Swati Gambhir (Senior Researchers), Shruti Gopinath, Syed Zaki Mehdi
Directory Editorial Researchers: Arijit Khasnobis (Team Manager), C. Sandhya (Team Leader), Anveshi Gupta, Birendra Pratap Nayak, Surabhi Srivastava (Senior Editorial Researchers), Kamran Ansari, Sajleen Bedi, Bhawna Chauhan, Swati Chopra, Gurkiran Shahi, Nitesh Singh, Padmja Singh, Atul Udaipuria, Noyanika Yadav
Biographical Reference Editor: Robert J. Elster
Biographical Editorial Researchers: Shubha Banerjee (Deputy Team Leader), Herina Gangmei, Meer Hussain, Puja Kumari
Contributors: Christopher Bell, Rebecca Bomford, Vera Browne, Katie Dawson, Lucy Dean, Driss Fatih, Kirstie Hughes, Catriona Marcham
Editorial Director: Paul Kelly

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Acknowledgements: Statistical Data

The editors gratefully acknowledge particular indebtedness for permission to reproduce material from the following sources: the United Nations’ statistical databases and Demographic Yearbook, Statistical Yearbook and Monthly Bulletin of Statistics; the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization’s Institute for Statistics database; the Human Development Report of the United Nations Development Programme; the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations’ statistical database; the statistical databases of the World Health Organization; the statistical databases of the UNCTAD/WTO International Trade Centre; the International Labour Office’s statistical database; the World Bank’s statistical databases, especially the World Development Indicators database, and the World Development Report; the International Monetary Fund’s statistical database, International Financial Statistics and Government Finance Statistics Yearbook; the World Tourism Organization’s Compendium and Yearbook of Tourism Statistics; the US Geological Survey; the International Telecommunication Union; Lloyd's List; and The Military Balance 2016, a publication of the International Institute for Strategic Studies, Arundel House, 13–15 Arundel Street, London WC2R 3DX. Statistics Canada information is used with the permission of Statistics Canada. Users are forbidden to copy this material and/or redisseminate the data, in an original or modified form, for commercial purposes, without the expressed permission of Statistics Canada. Information on the availability of the wide range of data from Statistics Canada can be obtained from Statistics Canada’s Regional Offices, its website at www.statcan.gc.ca, and its toll-free access number 1-800-263-1136.

Health and Welfare: Sources and Definitions

Total fertility rate: Source WHO Statistical Information System (part of the Global Health Observatory). The number of children that would be born per woman, assuming no female mortality at child-bearing ages and the age-specific fertility rates of a specified country and reference period.
Under-5 mortality rate: Source WHO Statistical Information System. Defined by WHO as the probability of a child born in a specific year or period dying before the age of five, if subject to the age-specific mortality rates of that year or period.
HIV/AIDS: Source UNAIDS. Estimated percentage of adults aged 15 to 49 years living with HIV/AIDS. < indicates ‘fewer than’.
Health expenditure: Source WHO Statistical Information System
US $ per head (PPP): International dollar estimates, derived by dividing local currency units by an estimate of their purchasing power parity (PPP) compared with the US dollar. PPPs are the rates of currency conversion that equalize the purchasing power of different currencies by eliminating the differences in price levels between countries.
% of GDP: GDP levels for OECD countries follow the most recent UN System of National Accounts. For non-OECD countries a value was estimated by utilizing existing UN, IMF and World Bank data.
Public expenditure: Government health-related outlays plus expenditure by social schemes compulsorily affiliated with a sizeable share of the population, and extrabudgetary funds allocated to health services. Figures include grants or loans provided by international agencies, other national authorities, and sometimes commercial banks.
Access to water and sanitation: Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme on Water Supply and Sanitation (JMP) (Progress on Sanitation and Drinking Water, 2015 Update and MDG Assessment). Defined in terms of the percentage of the population using improved facilities in terms of the type of technology and levels of service afforded. For water, this includes house connections, public standpipes, boreholes with handpumps, protected dug wells, protected spring and rainwater collection; allowance is also made for other locally defined technologies. Sanitation is defined to include connection to a sewer or septic tank system, pour-flush latrine, simple pit or ventilated improved pit latrine, again with allowance for acceptable local technologies. Access to water and sanitation does not imply that the level of service or quality of water is ‘adequate’ or ‘safe’.
Carbon dioxide emissions: Source World Bank, World Development Indicators database, citing the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (sponsored by the US Department of Energy). Emissions comprise those resulting from the burning of fossil fuels (including those produced during consumption of solid, liquid and gas fuels and from gas flaring) and from the manufacture of cement.
Human Development Index: Source UNDP, Human Development Report (2015). A summary of human development measured by three basic dimensions: prospects for a long and healthy life, measured by life expectancy at birth; access to knowledge, measured by a combination of mean years of schooling and expected years of schooling; and standard of living, measured by GNI per head (PPP US $). The index value obtained lies between zero and one. A value above 0.800 indicates very high human development, between 0.700 and 0.799 high human development, between 0.550 and 0.699 medium human development and below 0.550 low human development. A centralized data source for all three dimensions was not available for all countries. In some cases other data sources were used to calculate a substitute value; however, this was excluded from the ranking. Other countries, including non-UNDP members, were excluded from the HDI altogether. In total, 188 countries were ranked for 2014.

Europa World Plus contributors

Africa South of the Sahara
Central and South-Eastern Europe
Eastern Europe, Russia and Central Asia
The Far East and Australasia
The Middle East and North Africa
South America, Central America and the Caribbean
South Asia
The USA and Canada
Western Europe

Africa South of the Sahara

Alexandre Abreu. Researcher, Centre of African and Development Studies, University of Lisbon, Portugal.
J. A. Allan. Former Professor of Geography, School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London, United Kingdom.
L. Berry. Former Professor of Geography, University of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.
E. A. Boateng. Environmental consultant and educationalist.
Richard A. Bradshaw. Former Professor of History, Centre College, Kentucky, USA.
Sir Mervyn Brown. Former British Ambassador to Madagascar. Member, Académie Malgache.
Richard Brown. Former Dean, School of African and Asian Studies, University of Sussex at Brighton, United Kingdom.
Anna Bruzzone. Doctoral student, Department of History, University of Warwick, United Kingdom.
Greg Cameron. Associate Professor of Political Science and Rural Studies, Dalhousie University, Canada.
Brett L. Carter. Fellow, Center on Democracy, Development and the Rule of Law, and National Fellow, Hoover Institution, Stanford University, USA.
Marisé Castro. Researcher, Amnesty International, International Secretariat, London, United Kingdom.
Tony Chafer. Professor of Contemporary French Area Studies and Director of the Centre for European and International Studies, University of Portsmouth, United Kingdom.
Rose Chilton. Economist specializing in East Africa.
Christopher Clapham. Centre of African Studies, University of Cambridge, United Kingdom.
Phil Clark. Lecturer in Comparative and International Politics, School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London, United Kingdom, and Advisory Board Member, Oxford Transitional Justice Research.
John I. Clarke. Professor of Geography, University of Durham, United Kingdom.
Julian Cooke. Editor of the Anglo-Malagasy Society Newsletter.
Sylvia Croese. Post-doctoral Research Fellow, Department of Sociology and Social Anthropology, Stellenbosch University, South Africa.
Devon Curtis. Lecturer in Politics and International Studies, University of Cambridge, United Kingdom.
Bjorn Dahlin van Wees. Economist specializing in sub-Saharan Africa.
Ana Naomi de Sousa. Journalist and writer specializing in lusophone and sub-Saharan African countries.
Elaine Dunphy. Research analyst and writer specializing in the global energy sector.
Juan Fandos-Rius. Encyclopaedist and historian of the Central African Republic.
Edward George. Writer specializing in sub-Saharan African political and economic issues.
Marie Gibert. Associate Lecturer, Birkbeck, University of London, United Kingdom.
Pierre Gourou. Late Professor of Geography, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium, and Collège de France, Paris, France.
Stephen Harmon. Professor of History, Pittsburg State University, Kansas, USA.
R. J. Harrison Church. Late Professor of Geography, London School of Economics, United Kingdom.
Celeste Hicks. Journalist specializing in the Sahel region and former British Broadcasting Corporation correspondent in Chad and Mali.
David Hilling. Research adviser, University of Greenwich, United Kingdom.
A. MacGregor Hutcheson. Former Lecturer in Geography, Aberdeen College of Education, United Kingdom.
Abdourahmane Idrissa. Researcher, Society, Work and Development Institute, University of Witwatersrand, South Africa.
Michael Jennings. Senior Lecturer in International Development, School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London, United Kingdom.
Warka Solomon Kahsay. Graduate student, Saint Francis Xavier University, Antogonish, Canada.
Zachary D. Kaufman. Adjunct Professor, Elliot School of International Affairs, George Washington University, USA.
George Kay. Head of the Department of Geography and Recreation Studies, Staffordshire University, United Kingdom.
B. W. Langlands. Late Professor of Geography, Makerere University College, Kampala, Uganda.
I. M. Lewis. Emeritus Professor of Anthropology, London School of Economics and Political Science, United Kingdom.
Robert E. Looney. International consultant specializing in economic development and Distinguished Professor, Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, USA.
Akin L. Mabogunje. Former Professor of Geography, University of Ibadan, Nigeria.
Hugh Macmillan. Research Associate, African Studies Centre, University of Oxford.
Giuseppe Maimone. Ph.D. in History and Institutions of Africa, CoSMICA (Center for Studies about Contemporary Islamic World and Africa), Department of Political and Social Sciences, University of Catania, Italy.
Albert Makochekanwa. Lecturer, Department of Economics, University of Zimbabwe, Harare, Zimbabwe.
Zoë Marriage. Reader in Development Studies, School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London, United Kingdom.
Paul Melly. Journalist specializing in francophone Africa and Associate Fellow of the Africa Programme at the Royal Institute of International Affairs (Chatham House), United Kingdom.
Peter K. Mitchell. Honorary Senior Research Fellow, Centre of West African Studies, University of Birmingham, United Kingdom.
W. T. W. Morgan. Former Senior Lecturer, Department of Geography, University of Durham, United Kingdom.
Katharine Murison. Editor of Africa South of the Sahara, 2001–04.
Richard Nield. Journalist, broadcaster and filmmaker specializing in the Middle East and Africa.
Patrick Orendorz. Former Overseas Development Institute Fellow at the President's Office Planning Commission, Tanzania.
Quentin Outram. Senior Lecturer in Economics, Leeds University Business School, University of Leeds, United Kingdom.
René Pélissier. Author specializing in contemporary Spanish-speaking and Portuguese-speaking Africa.
Bhairav Raja. International development consultant specializing in African and Latin American political and economic issues.
Christopher Saunders. Emeritus Professor, Department of Historical Studies, University of Cape Town, South Africa.
Gerhard Seibert. Researcher, Universidade da Integração Internacional da Lusofonia Afro-Brasileira (UNILAB), São Francisco do Conde, Brazil.
Max Siollun. Historian and author specializing in Nigeria’s political and military history.
Sishuwa Sishuwa. Doctoral student of Modern History, St Cross College, University of Oxford, United Kingdom.
Miles Smith-Morris. Writer specializing in developing countries.
Donald L. Sparks. Professor of International Economics, The Citadel, Charleston, South Carolina, USA, and Lecturer in International Business and Law, Management Centre Innsbruck, Austria.
David Styan. Department of Politics, Birkbeck, University of London, United Kingdom.
Richard Synge. Writer and journalist specializing in African political and economic issues.
Ian Taylor. Professor of International Relations, University of St Andrews, United Kingdom.
Virginia Thompson. Writer specializing in francophone Africa.
Jörg Wiegratz. Lecturer in Political Economy of Global Development, School of Politics and International Studies, University of Leeds, United Kingdom.
Geoffrey J. Williams. Former Professor of Geography, University of Zambia.
Paul D. Williams. Associate Professor, Elliot School of International Affairs, George Washington University, Washington, DC, USA.
Duncan Woodside. Journalist and analyst specializing in economics and conflict in the Great Lakes of Africa.
Ralph Young. Senior Lecturer, Department of Government, University of Manchester, United Kingdom.

Central and South-Eastern Europe

Othon Anastasakis. Director of South East European Studies at Oxford and of the European Studies Centre, St Antony’s College, University of Oxford, United Kingdom.
Daunis Auers. University of Latvia, Rīga, Latvia.
Will Bartlett. London School of Economics and Political Science, University of London, United Kingdom.
Miroslav Beblavý. Centre for European Policy Studies, Brussels, Belgium.
Dimitar Bechev. Visiting Scholar, Center for European Studies, Harvard University, MA, USA.
Florian Bieber. Director, Centre for Southeast European Studies, University of Graz, Austria.
Ioannis Bournakis. University of Middlesex, United Kingdom.
Keith S. Brown. Watson Institute, Brown University, Providence, RI, USA.
Eamonn Butler. University of Glasgow, United Kingdom.
Cathie Carmichael. University of East Anglia, United Kingdom.
Terry Cox. Professor at the University of Glasgow, United Kingdom.
Nevenka Čučković. IMO—Institute for International Relations, Zagreb, Croatia.
David A. Dyker. Emeritus Professor at the University of Sussex, United Kingdom.
Tom Gallagher. Emeritus Professor at the University of Bradford, United Kingdom.
Kęstutis Girnius. Vilnius University, Lithuania.
Christopher A. Hartwell. President of the Center for Social and Economic Research, Warsaw, Poland.
Karen Henderson. Comenius University in Bratislava, Slovakia.
Marko Attila Hoare. University of Kingston, United Kingdom.
Ivaylo Iaydjiev. Political analyst, specializing in European affairs.
Andres Kasekamp. Professor at the University of Tartu, Estonia.
Michael Kaser. Emeritus Reader in Economics and Emeritus Fellow of St Antony’s College, University of Oxford, United Kingdom.
Cvete Koneska. Political analyst specializing in Eastern European affairs.
Panagiota Manoli. University of the Aegean, Rhodes, Greece.
Martin Myant. European Trade Union Institute, Brussels, Belgium.
David Norris. University of Nottingham, United Kingdom.
Peter Palmer. Political analyst and writer.
Anita Prażmowska. London School of Economics and Political Science, University of London, United Kingdom.
Andrew Ryder. University of Portsmouth, United Kingdom.
Katarzyna Sidło. Center for Social and Economic Research, Warsaw, Poland.
Alan Smith. Emeritus Professor of Social Sciences, UCL, University of London, United Kingdom.
Enkeleida Tahiraj. London School of Economics and Political Science, University of London, United Kingdom.
Marcus Tanner. Journalist and author.
Urmas Varblane. University of Tartu, Estonia.
Susannah Verney. University of Athens, Greece.
Marcela Veselkova. Comenius University, Bratislava, Slovakia.
Miranda Vickers. Political analyst specializing in Albanian affairs.
Valentina Vučković. IMO—Institute for International Relations, Zagreb, Croatia.
Vuk Vuković. Zagreb School of Economics and Management, Zagreb, Croatia.
Gordon Wightman. University of Liverpool, United Kingdom.
Emilia Zankina. American University in Bulgaria, Sofia, Bulgaria.

Eastern Europe, Russia and Central Asia

Shirin Akiner. School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London and Associate Fellow, Chatham House (Royal Institute of International Affairs), London, United Kingdom.
Luca Anceschi. Lecturer in Central Asia Studies, Department of Central and East European Studies, University of Glasgow, United Kingdom.
John Anderson. School of International Relations and Centre for Russian, Soviet, Central and East European Studies, University of St Andrews, United Kingdom.
Richard Arnold. Assistant Professor of Political Science, Muskingum University, New Concord, OH, USA.
Anders Äslund. Resident Senior Fellow, Dinu Patriciu Eurasia Center, Atlantic Council, Washington, DC, USA.
Kamil Całus. Research Fellow, Department for Ukraine, Belarus and Moldova, Ośrodek Studiów Wschodnich im. Marka Karpia (Marek Karp Centre for Eastern Studies), Warsaw, Poland.
Laure Delcour. Senior Research Fellow, Institut de Relations Internationales et Stratégiques (IRIS—The French Institute for International and Strategic Affairs), Paris, France.
J. Paul Goode. Senior Lecturer in Russian Politics, University of Bath, United Kingdom.
Reuel R. Hanks. Professor in Department of Geography, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK, USA, and Editor, Central Asian Studies.
Philip Hanson. Emeritus Professor at University of Birmingham and Associate Fellow of the Russia and Eurasia Programme, Chatham House (Royal Institute of International Affairs), London, United Kingdom.
Edmund Herzig. Soudavar Professor of Persian Studies and Fellow of Wadham College, University of Oxford, United Kingdom.
Nikolai Holmov. Writer, blogger, and consultant specializing in Ukrainian politics, civil society, local governance and security.
Michael Kaser. Emeritus Reader in Economics and Emeritus Fellow of St Antony’s College, University of Oxford, United Kingdom.
Eleanor Knott. Fellow in the Department of Methodology, London School of Economics and Political Science, University of London, United Kingdom.
Onnik Krikorian. Journalist specializing in the South Caucasus.
Taras Kuzio. Writer, analyst, and consultant specializing in contemporary Ukrainian politics, economics and security affairs.
Edward Lemon. Doctoral candidate, Exeter University, United Kingdom.
Eric Lepisto. Anthropologist specializing in socio-political transformations in the former Soviet Union.
Erica Marat. Assistant Professor at the College of International Security Affairs, National Defense University, Washington, DC, USA.
Neil Melvin. Director of the Armed Conflict and Conflict Management Programme, Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, Sweden.
Vladimer Papava. Rector and Professor of Economics, Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State University, Georgia, and Senior Fellow, Director of the Center for Applied Economic Studies, Georgian Foundation for Strategic and International Studies, Tbilisi, Georgia.
Steven D. Roper. Executive Director, Peace, Justice and Human Rights Initiative and Professor of Political Science, Florida Atlantic University, Boca Raton, FL, USA, and Editor-in-Chief, Human Rights Review.
Angus Roxburgh. Journalist, broadcaster and author.
Andrew Ryder. Researcher and consultant on regional economic development, regional geography and sustainability.
Inga Saikkonen. Postdoctoral Fellow, Department of Political Science, Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA.
Ann-Mari Sätre. Associate Professor of Economics, Senior Lecturer and Senior Researcher, Uppsala Centre for Russian and Eurasian Studies, Uppsala Universitat (Uppsala University), Sweden.
George Tarkhan-Mouravi. Co-director, Institute for Policy Studies, Tbilisi, Georgia.
Michael Tokmazishvili. Senior researcher, Foundation CASE-Transcaucasia, Tbilisi, Georgia.
Christopher Tooke. Analyst of political risk specializing in the energy and extractive sectors of the Caspian Sea and Central Asian region.
Kai Wegerich. Research Associate, Liebniz Institute of Agricultural Development in Transition Economies, Halle (Saale), Germany.
Toby Wight. Specialist in banking and economic development in Azerbaijan and the CIS.

The Far East and Australasia

Bryant J. Allen. Visiting Fellow, State Society & Governance in Melanesia Program, School of International, Political and Strategic Studies, College of Asia and the Pacific, Australian National University, Canberra, Australia.
Robert F. Ash. Professor, Department of Financial and Management Studies, and Professorial Fellow, SOAS China Institute, School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London, United Kingdom.
Nick Bisley. Executive Director of La Trobe Asia and Professor of International Relations, La Trobe University, Melbourne, Australia.
Frank Bongiorno. Associate Professor, School of History, Research School of Social Sciences, Australian National University, Canberra, Australia.
Anne Booth. Emeritus Professor of Economics, School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London, United Kingdom.
Kerry Brown. Director of the Lau China Institute and Professor of Chinese Studies, King’s College London, University of London, United Kingdom.
Sigfrido Burgos Cáceres. Consultant on international development, political economy and foreign affairs.
Ian Campbell. Former Professor, School of Social Sciences, University of the South Pacific, Suva, Fiji.
Andrea K. Chareunsy. Lecturer in Economics, Department of Economics, Faculty of Business and Economics, Macquarie University, Sydney, Australia.
Tom Conley. Senior Lecturer, School of Government and International Relations, Griffith University, Brisbane, Australia.
Robert Cribb. Professor, Asian History, Department of Political and Social Change, Coral Bell School of Asia Pacific Affairs, College of Asia and the Pacific, Australian National University, Canberra, Australia.
Harvey Demaine. Former Associate Professor of Regional, Rural and Agricultural Development Planning, Asian Institute of Technology, Bangkok, Thailand.
Jörn Dosch. Professor of International Relations and Development Co-operation, University of Rostock, Germany.
Ronald Duncan. Emeritus Professor, Crawford School of Public Policy, College of Asia and the Pacific, Australian National University, Canberra, Australia.
Nicholas Farrelly. Fellow, Coral Bell School of Asia Pacific Affairs, College of Asia and the Pacific, Australian National University, Canberra, Australia, and co-founder of New Mandala.
Greg Fealy. Associate Professor and Senior Fellow, Indonesian Politics, Department of Political and Social Change, Coral Bell School of Asia Pacific Affairs, College of Asia and the Pacific, Australian National University, Canberra, Australia.
Dafydd Fell. Reader in Comparative Studies, with special reference to Taiwan, Department of Politics and International Studies, Director, Centre of Taiwan Studies, School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London, United Kingdom.
Stewart Firth. Research Fellow, Coral Bell School of Asia Pacific Affairs, College of Asia and the Pacific, Australian National University, Canberra, Australia.
Aidan Foster-Carter. Honorary Senior Research Fellow in Sociology and Modern Korea, University of Leeds, United Kingdom.
Michael Freeberne. Former Lecturer in Geography, School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London, United Kingdom.
Volker Grabowsky. Professor of Thai Studies, Asia-Africa Institute, University of Hamburg, Germany.
Jeanine Graham. Former Senior Lecturer in History, University of Waikato, Hamilton, New Zealand.
Lok Sang Ho. Professor of Economics, Centre for Public Policy Studies, Lingnan University, Hong Kong.
James E. Hoare. Former Research Analyst, Foreign and Commonwealth Office, London, United Kingdom.
Kim Huynh. Lecturer in International Relations, School of Politics and International Relations, Australian National University, Canberra, Australia.
Kenneth E. Jackson. Former Director, Centre for Development Studies, University of Auckland, and Adjunct Research Professor, Auckland Institute of Studies, Auckland, New Zealand.
Wee Chian Koh. Associate Researcher, Centre for Strategic and Policy Studies, Brunei.
Charles Krusekopf. Professor and Director, School of Business, Royal Roads University, Victoria, BC, Canada.
Suiwah Leung. Adjunct Associate Professor of Economics and Finance, Crawford School of Economics and Government, College of Asia and the Pacific, Australian National University, Canberra, Australia.
Linda Y. C. Lim. Professor of Strategy, Stephen M. Ross School of Business, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA.
S.R. Joey Long. Associate Professor, National University of Singapore, Singapore.
Robert E. Looney. International Consultant specializing in economic development, and Distinguished Professor, Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, CA, USA.
Greg Lopez. Lecturer, Murdoch University Executive Education Centre, Perth, Australia.
Stephen McCarthy. Senior Lecturer in Southeast Asian Politics, Griffith University, Brisbane, Australia.
A. E. McQueen. Former Assistant General Manager, New Zealand Government Railways, New Zealand.
Anthony Milner. Professorial Fellow, University of Melbourne, Australia, Visiting Professor, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, and Emeritus Professor, Australian National University, Canberra, Australia.
N. J. Miners. Former Reader in Political Science, Department of Politics and Public Administration, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong.
Andrew C. Nahm. Former Professor Emeritus of History and Consultant to the Office of International Education and Programs, Western Michigan University, USA.
Li Narangoa. Professor of Asian History, Director of Mongolia Institute, College of Asia and the Pacific, Australian National University, Australia.
Siobhan Neyland. Project Officer, Victorian Department of Education, Melbourne, Australia.
Rene O. Ofreneo. Professor of Industrial Relations and Former Dean, School of Labor and Industrial Relations, University of the Philippines, Philippines.
Sorpong Peou. Professor of International Security, Department of Politics and Public Administration, Ryerson University, Toronto, ON, Canada.
Christopher B. Roberts. Associate Professor, International Political Studies, and Director of Executive Education, Australian Defence Force Academy, University of New South Wales, Canberra, Australia.
Alan J. K. Sanders. Mongolist, and former Lecturer in Mongolian Studies, School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London, United Kingdom.
John Sargent. Late Head of the Geography Department, School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London, United Kingdom.
John T. Sidel. Sir Patrick Gillam Professor of International and Comparative Politics, London School of Economics and Political Science, United Kingdom.
Josef Silverstein. Former Professor Emeritus of Political Science, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, USA.
Graeme Smith. Senior Lecturer, Asia Institute, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia.
Ross Steele. Former Principal Demographer, Department of Planning Transport and Infrastructure, Government of South Australia, and Adjunct Academic Staff, Applied Population Studies Program, School of the Environment, Flinders University of South Australia, Adelaide, Australia.
Richard Storry. Late Director of the Far East Centre, Oxford, United Kingdom.
Laura Summers. Former Lecturer, Department of Politics and Asian Studies, University of Hull, United Kingdom.
Robert Sutter. Professor of Practice of International Affairs, The Elliott School of International Affairs, George Washington University, Washington, DC, USA.
Andrew T. H. Tan. Associate Professor, School of Social Science and International Studies, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia.
James Tang. Dean of the School of Social Sciences, Singapore Management University, Singapore.
John G. Taylor. Visiting Professor, International Development Institute, King’s College London, University of London, United Kingdom.
David Tucker. Visiting Assistant Professor, Department of History, College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA, USA, and Teaching Fellow, Augustana College, Rock Island, IL, USA.
Danny Unger. Visiting Professor, Faculty of Political Science at Thammasat University, Bangkok, Thailand.
Alison Vicary. Lecturer in Economics, Department of Economics, Faculty of Business and Economics, Macquarie University, Sydney, Australia.

The Middle East and North Africa

Ahmed Aghrout. Research Fellow, School of Humanities, Languages and Social Sciences, University of Salford, United Kingdom.
Liam Anderson. Professor of Political Science, Wright State University, Dayton, Ohio, USA.
Benedetta Berti. Research Fellow, The Institute for National Security Studies, Tel-Aviv, Israel.
Dana Blander. Research Fellow, The Israel Democracy Institute, Jerusalem, Israel.
Simon Chapman. Editor of The Middle East and North Africa, 1989–97.
Charles Charalambous. Independent communications consultant and journalist; formerly financial correspondent for the Cyprus Mail.
Kristian Coates Ulrichsen. Fellow for the Middle East, Baker Institute for Public Policy, Rice University, Houston, Texas, USA.
Jill Crystal. Curtis O. Liles III Professor of Political Science, Auburn University, Auburn, Alabama, USA.
Vincent Durac. Assistant Professor, School of Politics and International Relations, University College Dublin, Ireland.
Mohammad Reza Farzanegan. Full Professor of Middle East Economics, Center for Near and Middle East Studies and Marburg Center for Institutional Economics, Philipps-University of Marburg, Germany.
Courtney Freer. Research Officer, Kuwait Programme on Development, Governance and Globalisation in the Gulf States, London School of Economics, UK.
F. Gregory Gause, III. Professor of International Affairs and John H. Lindsey ’44 Chair, Bush School of Government and Public Service, Texas A&M University, College Station, Texas, USA.
Richard German. Writer and researcher on international political and economic affairs.
Michael M. Gunter. Professor of Political Science, Tennessee Technological University, Cookeville, Tennessee, USA, and Secretary-General of the EU Turkey Civic Commission.
Mohammad Habibpour Fatideh. Researcher and PhD candidate in economics, Middle East Economics Department, Center for Near and Middle East Studies, Philipps-University of Marburg, Germany.
Gareth Jenkins. Non-resident Senior Fellow with the Silk Road Studies Program, based in İstanbul, Turkey.
George Joffé. Lecturer on the Middle East and North Africa, Department of Politics and International Studies, University of Cambridge, United Kingdom, and former deputy director of the Royal Institute of International Affairs (Chatham House), London, UK.
Marc Jones. Post-doctoral Fellow, Faculty of Economics and Social Sciences, Institute of Political Science, Eberhard Karls University T&uumul;bingen, Germany.
Nur Masalha. Professor of Religion and Politics, and Director of the Centre for Religion and History, School of Theology, Philosophy and History, St Mary’s University College, Twickenham, UK.
Philip McCrum. Analyst of the political and economic affairs of the Middle East, and previously Editorial Director, Continental Europe, Middle East and Africa, The Economist Group, Dubai, United Arab Emirates.
Ashraf Mishrif. Assistant Professor in International Political Economy, Qatar University, Doha, Qatar.
Gerd Nonneman. Dean and Professor of International Politics and Gulf Studies, Georgetown University School of Foreign Service in Qatar, and Associate Editor of the Journal of Arabian Studies (Routledge).
Nigel Parsons Senior Lecturer, Politics Programme, Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand.
Neil Partrick. Writer and consultant on the Gulf and the Wider Middle East.
J. E. Peterson. Historian and political analyst specializing in the contemporary Arabian Peninsula and Persian (Arabian) Gulf, and former historian of the Sultan’s Armed Forces of Oman.
David Roberts. Lecturer, King’s College London, UK, and former director of the Qatar office of the Royal United Services Institute for Defence and Security Studies.
Jalil Roshandel Associate Professor, Political Science and Security Studies, East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina, USA.
Adham Saouli. Lecturer in International Relations and Middle East Politics, University of St Andrews, UK.
Moin Siddiqi. Independent economist specializing in macroeconomic developments and the banking sector in the Middle East and Africa; also advises on trends in petroleum markets.
Ronald Bruce St John. Independent scholar specializing in the political economy of developing states.
Denis J. Sullivan. Professor of Political Science and Co-Director, Middle East Center, Northeastern University, Boston, Massachusetts, USA, and Director of the Boston Consortium for Arab Region Studies.
Elizabeth Taylor. Writer and researcher on international political and economic affairs.
Mehmet Uğur. Professor of Economics and Institutions, University of Greenwich Business School, London, UK.
Marc Valeri.Senior Lecturer in Political Economy of the Middle East and Director of the Centre for Gulf Studies, University of Exeter, UK.
Alice Verticelli. Researcher in Middle East Politics and Teaching Assistant in International Relations, Department of Political Science, Northeastern University, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.
James H. Wyllie. Reader in International Relations, School of Social Science, King’s College, University of Aberdeen, UK.
Eyal Zisser. Vice Rector, and Yona and Dina Ettinger Chair in Contemporary History of the Middle East, Tel-Aviv University, Israel.
Yahia Zoubir. Professor of International Studies and International Management, and Director of Research in Geopolitics, KEDGE Business School, Marseille, France.

South America, Central America and the Caribbean

Charles Arthur. Freelance journalist specializing in Caribbean politics and economics.
Dr Anna Ayuso. Senior Research Fellow at Barcelona Centre for International Affairs (CIDOB), Barcelona, Spain.
Dr Marc Becker. Professor of History, Latin American History, at Truman State University, Kirksville, MO, USA.
Dr Ame Bergés. Associate Fellow of the Institute of Latin American Studies, University of London, United Kingdom, and freelance writer specializing in Latin American economic development.
Dr Roland O. B. van den Bergh. Economist at Curconsult NV, Curaçao.
Dr Julia Buxton. Professor of Comparative Politics in the School of Public Policy at the Central European University, Budapest, Hungary.
Prof. Jessica Byron. Director of the Institute of International Relations at the University of the West Indies, St Augustine Campus, Trinidad and Tobago.
Prof. Peter A. R. Calvert. Late Professor of Comparative and International Politics at the University of Southampton, United Kingdom.
Dr Peter Clegg. Senior Lecturer in Politics and International Relations at the University of the West of England, Bristol, United Kingdom.
Dr John Crabtree. Research Associate at the Latin American Centre at the University of Oxford, United Kingdom.
Dr David Díaz Arias. Associate Professor of History and Director of Graduate Studies in the Department of History at the University of Costa Rica.
Prof. David Fleischer. Professor Emeritus of Political Science at the University of Brasília, Brazil.
Dr Robert Funk. Senior Associate, Americas Program, at the Center for Strategic and International Studies, Washington, DC, USA.
Prof. Francisco E. González. Associate Professor, Riordan Roett Chair in Latin American Studies at the School of Advanced International Studies at Johns Hopkins University, Washington, DC, USA.
Pablo González. Analyst at the Governance and Peacebuilding Cluster at the United Nations Development Programme’s Regional Centre for Latin America and the Caribbean, Panama.
Prof. Susanne Gratius. Professor of International Law at the Autonomous University of Madrid, Spain.
Thomas Grisaffi. Leverhulme Early Career Research Fellow at the Institute of Latin American Studies, University of London, United Kingdom.
Dr David Howard. Associate Professor in Sustainable Urban Development at the University of Oxford, United Kingdom.
Dr Gareth A. Jones. Professor of Urban Geography in the Department of Geography at the London School of Economics and Political Science, London, United Kingdom.
Prof. Antoni Kapcia. Professor of Latin American History and Director of the Centre for Research on Cuba at the University of Nottingham, United Kingdom.
Anna Kingsley. Former PhD student at Royal Holloway, University of London, United Kingdom.
Prof. Peter Lambert. Professor of Latin American Studies at the University of Bath, United Kingdom.
Dr Francesca Lessa. Marie Sklodowska-Curie Research Fellow at the Latin American Centre, University of Oxford, United Kingdom.
Prof. Colin M. Lewis. Professor Emeritus of Latin American Economic History at the London School of Economics and Political Science, London, United Kingdom.
Prof. Robert E. Looney. Professor of National Security Affairs and Associate Chair of Instruction in the Department of National Security Affairs at the Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, CA, USA.
Sandy Markwick. Writer and researcher specializing in Latin American affairs.
Dr Emily Morris. Honorary Research Associate in the Economic Development of Latin America and the Caribbean at University College London’s Institute of the Americas, United Kingdom.
Sir Keith Morris. Former British Ambassador to Colombia.
Dr Francisco Panizza. Professor of Latin American and Comparative Politics at the London School of Economics and Political Science, United Kingdom.
Daniel Sachs. Associate Director for Control Risks, London, United Kingdom, specializing in Mexico, Central America and the Caribbean.
Dr Diego Sánchez-Ancochea. Associate Professor in the Political Economy of Latin America at the University of Oxford, United Kingdom.
Juan Carlos Sarazúa. Postdoctoral scholar at the Centro Peninsular en Humanidades y Ciencias Sociales, Autonomous University of Mexico, Mérida, Yucatán, Mexico.
Dr Ximena Sosa. Resident Director of the Loyola in Ecuador Program, Loyola University New Orleans, LA, USA.
Dr Hans Steinmüller. Assistant Professor in the Department of Anthropology at the London School of Economics and Political Science, United Kingdom.
Jeremy Thorp. Former British Ambassador to Colombia.
Dr Ronny Viales-Hurtado. Professor of Economic History in the Graduate Programme of the University of Costa Rica.
Nicholas Watson. Director of Latin America Analysis at Teneo Intelligence, New York, USA.
Dr Peter Watt. Lecturer in the Department of Hispanic Studies at the University of Sheffield, United Kingdom.
Phillip Wearne. Writer and researcher specializing in Latin American affairs.
Mark Wilson. Writer and researcher specializing in Caribbean affairs.

South Asia

Ehtisham Ahmad. Pao Yu-Kong Professor, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, People&rsquos Republic of China, and Senior Fellow, Center for Development Research (ZEF), University of Bonn, Germany.
Lok Raj Baral. Executive Chairman, Nepal Centre for Contemporary Studies, Kathmandu, Nepal.
Sanjaya Baru. Director for Geo-economics and Strategy, The International Institute for Strategic Studies, London, United Kingdom.
Rudra Chaudhuri. Senior Lecturer in South Asian Security and Strategic Studies, Department of War Studies and the India Institute, King’s College, London, UK.
Gouranga Lal Dasvarma. Associate Professor of Population Studies, School of the Environment, Flinders University, Adelaide, Australia.
Kingsley M. de Silva. Former Chairman, International Centre for Ethnic Studies, Kandy, Sri Lanka, and Professor Emeritus, Department of History, University of Peradeniya, Sri Lanka.
Shanthie Mariet D’Souza. Independent consultant, writer and analyst on political and security affairs, based in New Delhi, India, and Singapore.
Sir Martin Ewans. Late former Head of Chancery, British Embassy, Afghanistan, and writer on Afghanistan affairs, London, UK.
B. H. Farmer. Late former Director, Centre of South Asian Studies, University of Cambridge, UK.
W. B. Fisher. Late Professor of Geography, University of Durham, UK.
Nick J. Freeman. Independent economic development consultant.
Marian Gallenkamp. Senior Research Assistant and Lecturer, Department of Political Science, South Asia Institute, Heidelberg University, Germany.
Richard Ghiasy. Researcher/Project Manager, Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, Sweden.
Michael Gillan. Associate Professor, UWA Business School, University of Western Australia, Australia.
Antonio Giustozzi. Visiting Professor, Department of War Studies, King’s College London, UK.
Krishna Hachhethu. Professor of Political Science, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal.
Ayesha Jalal. Mary Richardson Professor of History, and Director, Center for South Asian and Indian Ocean Studies, Tufts University, Medford, Massachusetts, USA.
Raghbendra Jha. Head, Arndt-Corden Department of Economics and Rajiv Gandhi Professor of Economics, Crawford School of Public Policy, Australian National University, Canberra, Australia.
Pramod Kantha. Associate Professor and Director of International Studies, Political Science Department, Wright State University, Dayton, OH, USA.
Milan A. Karner. Doctoral Researcher, Department of Geography, King’s College London, UK.
S. I. Keethaponcalan. Department Chair, Conflict Analysis and Dispute Resolution, Salisbury University, Salisbury, MD, USA.
Mushtaq H. Khan. Professor of Economics, School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London, UK.
Mukesh Khanal. Research Associate, School of Public Policy, University of Calgary, Canada.
Harris Kuemmerle. Doctoral Researcher, Departments of Geography and of War Studies, King&rsquos College London, UK.
Iftikhar H. Malik. Professor of History, Bath Spa University, UK.
Peter Marsden. Writer and specialist on Afghanistan, London, UK.
Kenneth McPherson. Late Research Associate, Asia Research Centre, Murdoch University, Perth, Australia, and Former Fellow, South Asia Institute, Heidelberg University, Germany.
Brandon J. Miliate. Doctoral Researcher in Political Science, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana, USA.
Daanish Mustafa. Reader in Politics and Environment, Department of Geography, King’s College London, UK.
Harsh V. Pant. Professor of International Relations, Department of Defence Studies, King’s College London, UK.
Geoffrey Parrinder. Late Emeritus Professor of the Comparative Study of Religions, University of London, UK.
G. H. Peiris. Professor Emeritus, Department of Geography, University of Peradeniya, Sri Lanka.
Gareth Price. Senior Research Fellow, Asia Programme, Chatham House (Royal Institute of International Affairs), London, UK.
Ali Riaz. Professor and Chair of Politics and Government, Illinois State University, USA, and Editor of the Studies on Asia journal of the Department of Politics and Government at Illinois State University.
S. W. R. de A. Samarasinghe. Adjunct Professor, Payson Center for International Development, Tulane University of Louisiana, New Orleans, USA, and Director, Global Vision, Kandy, Sri Lanka.
Ronojoy Sen. Visiting Senior Research Fellow, Institute of South Asian Studies, National University of Singapore, Singapore.
Brian Shaw. Honorary Research Fellow, Centre of Asian Studies, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong.
Clemens Spiess. Program Officer, South Asia, Robert Bosch Stiftung, Stuttgart, Germany.
David Taylor. Senior Research Fellow, Institute of Commonwealth Studies, University of London, UK.
Louise Tillin. Senior Lecturer in Politics and Deputy Director, India Institute, King’s College London, UK.

The USA and Canada

Theodore R. Alter. Professor of Agricultural, Environmental and Regional Economics, and Co-Director of the Center for Economic and Community Development, the Pennsylvania State University, USA; Adjunct Research Fellow, Australian Centre for Agriculture and Law, University of New England, Australia.
Edward Ashbee. Associate Professor, Department of Business and Politics, Copenhagen Business School, Denmark.
Chris W. Bonneau. Associate Professor of Political Science, and Co-Editor, State Politics and Policy Quarterly, University of Pittsburgh, USA.
Robert D. Bott. Writer and consultant in Calgary, Alberta, Canada, specializing in forestry and energy issues.
Duane Bratt. Professor of Political Science and Chair, Department of Economics, Justice, and Policy Studies, Mount Royal University, Canada.
Mark R. Brawley. Professor in the Department of Political Science at McGill University, Canada.
P. W. Daniels. Emeritus Professor, School of Geography, Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Birmingham, United Kingdom.
David Hastings Dunn. Professor of International Politics and Head of the Department of Political Science and International Studies, University of Birmingham, United Kingdom.
James W. Dunn. Professor of Agricultural Economics, Pennsylvania State University, USA.
Milton C. Hallberg. Late Professor Emeritus of Agricultural Economics, Pennsylvania State University, USA.
Alexandra Homolar. Associate Professor of International Security, University of Warwick, United Kingdom.
Mark S. Hurwitz. Professor of Political Science, Western Michigan University, USA, and Program Director for the Law and Social Sciences Program at the National Science Foundation, USA.
Dennis S. Ippolito. Eugene McElvaney Professor of Political Science and Chairman of the Department of Political Science, Southern Methodist University, USA.
Taylor Jackson. Policy Analyst, Centre for Natural Resource Studies at the Fraser Institute, Vancouver, Canada.
John Kramer. Emeritus Professor of Sociology and Criminology, Pennsylvania State University, USA.
Robert E. Looney. Distinguished Professor, Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, USA, and specialist in issues relating to international energy security and economic development.
Sandy Markwick. Writer and researcher specializing in North and South American affairs.
Mark J. L. McClelland. Associate Director, North America and Australasia, Maplecroft Global Risk Analytics, United Kingdom.
Trevor McCrisken. Associate Professor in Politics and International Studies, University of Warwick, United Kingdom.
David McKay. Professor Emeritus of Government at the University of Essex, United Kingdom.
Geoffrey Mercer. Former Reader, School of Sociology and Social Policy at the University of Leeds, United Kingdom.
Alexander Moens. Professor of Political Science, Simon Fraser University, Canada.
Calum Paton. Emeritus Professor of Public Policy, Keele University, United Kingdom.
Gillian Peele. Emeritus Professor in Politics, Lady Margaret Hall, University of Oxford, United Kingdom.
Joël Plouffe. Researcher/PhD candidate, École Nationale d’Administration Publique, Montréal, Canada, and Managing Editor, Arctic Yearbook.
Heather Marie Rice. Assistant Professor in the Department of Political Science, Slippery Rock University of Pennsylvania, USA.
David Robertson. Emeritus Professor, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Oxford, United Kingdom, and Official Fellow, St Hugh's College, University of Oxford, United Kingdom.
Glen Sussman. University Professor of Political Science at Old Dominion University, USA.
Lori Turnbull. Departmental Liaison, Office of the Minister of Democratic Institutions, Canada.
C. Michael Wernerheim. Professor of Economics, Memorial University of Newfoundland, Canada.

Western Europe

Reem Ahmed. Researcher, Institute for Peace Research and Security Policy, University of Hamburg, Germany.
Clive Archer. Arctic Forum Foundation, Brussels, Belgium.
Yelter Bollen. PhD candidate at the Centre for EU Studies, Department of Political Sciences, Ghent University, Belgium.
Lino Briguglio. Professor of Economics, University of Malta, Malta.
Giovanni Caggiano. Associate Professor, Department of Economics and Management, University of Padua, Italy.
Günther K. Chaloupek. Former Director of Economic Policy Section, Austrian Chamber of Labour, Vienna, Austria.
Jacob Christensen. Lecturer, Social Work and Administration, University College Lillebaelt, Odense, Denmark.
Clive H. Church. Emeritus Professor of European Studies, University of Kent, United Kingdom, and Visiting Professor, University of Sussex, United Kingdom.
John Coakley. Professor in the School of Politics and International Relations, University College Dublin, Ireland.
Andrew Cottey. Head of Department, Department of Government, University College Cork, Ireland.
Xavier Cuadras Morató. Associate Professor, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Barcelona, Spain.
Elena Danescu. PhD in Economy, University of Luxembourg, Luxembourg.
Ferdi De Ville. Assistant Professor and Co-Director, Centre for EU Studies, Department of Political Sciences, Ghent University, Belgium.
Lothar Funk. Professor of Economics and International Economic Relations, University of Applied Sciences, Düsseldorf, Germany, Fellow, Cologne Institute for Economic Research, Germany, and Visiting Fellow, Institute for German Studies, University of Birmingham, United Kingdom; co-Editor of Sozialer Fortschritt—German Review of Social Policy.
Richard Gillespie. Professor of Politics, University of Liverpool, United Kingdom.
Rögnvaldur Hannesson. Professor Emeritus, Norwegian School of Economics, Norway.
Ana E. Juncos. Lecturer, School of Sociology, Politics and International Studies, University of Bristol, United Kingdom.
Lauri Kajanoja. Adviser to the Board, Bank of Finland, Finland.
Sonja Kmec. Associate Professor, Institute for History, Research Unit IPSE, University of Luxembourg, Luxembourg.
Andrew Knapp. Emeritus Professor of French Politics and Contemporary History, University of Reading, United Kingdom.
Mikko Kuisma. Senior Lecturer, International Relations, Oxford Brookes University, United Kingdom.
David Lea. Senior Europe Analyst with the consultancy Control Risks, United Kingdom.
Stewart Lloyd-Jones. Honorary Research Fellow, University of Stirling, United Kingdom, Director of the Contemporary Portuguese History Research Centre and Editorial Consultant to the Portuguese Journal of Social Science, Lisbon University Institute ISCTE-IUL, Lisbon, Portugal.
Robert E. Looney. International consultant specializing in economic development and Distinguished Professor, Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, California, USA.
Kurt Richard Luther. Professor of Comparative Politics, Keele University, United Kingdom, and Tongji University, People's Republic of China.
Lars Magnusson. Dean, Faculty of Social Sciences, and Professor and Chair in Economic History, Department of Economic History, Uppsala University, Sweden.
Susan Milner. Reader in European Politics, Department of Politics, Languages and International Studies, University of Bath, United Kingdom.
Tommy Möller. Professor of Political Science, Stockholm University, Sweden.
Anthony Mughan. Professor of Political Science, and Director, International Studies, Ohio State University, USA.
James L. Newell. Professor of Politics, University of Salford, United Kingdom.
Katrín Ólafsdóttir. Assistant Professor, School of Business, Reykjavík University, Iceland.
Stefanía Óskarsdóttir. Associate Professor, University of Iceland, Iceland.
William E. Paterson. Honorary Professor of German and European German Politics, Aston Centre for Europe, Aston University, United Kingdom.
Teun Pauwels. Policy analyst for the Flemish Ministry of Education and Training, and scientific collaborator at the Université Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium.
Torben Mark Pedersen. Formerly of the Danish Chamber of Commerce, Copenhagen, Denmark.
Godfrey A. Pirotta. Professor of Government and Policy Studies, and Director, Institute of Public Administration and Management, University of Malta, Malta.
Daniela Pisoiu. Researcher, Institute for Peace Research and Security Policy, University of Hamburg, Germany.
Christian Schweiger. Senior Lecturer in Government, Department of Politics, Durham University, United Kingdom.
Marco Scipioni. LSE Fellow in Migration and EU Politics, Government Department, London School of Economics and Political Science, United Kingdom.
Julie Smith. Director, European Centre, POLIS Department, Cambridge University, and Fellow of Robinson College, Cambridge, United Kingdom, and member of the House of Lords.
Martin Smith. Professor of Politics, University of York, United Kingdom.
Tobias Straumann. Associate Professor of History, University of Zurich, and lecturer in the Faculty of Economics, University of Basel, Switzerland.
Stephen Syrett. Professor of Local Economic Development, Centre for Enterprise and Economic Development Research, Middlesex University, United Kingdom.
Steven B. Wolinetz. Professor Emeritus, Department of Political Science, Memorial University of Newfoundland, Canada.

 


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