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Welcome to Europa World Plus

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Europa World Plus is the online version of the Europa World Year Book and the nine-volume Regional Surveys of the World series.

First published in 1926, the Europa World Year Book is renowned as one of the world's leading reference works, covering political and economic information in more than 250 countries and territories, from Afghanistan to Zimbabwe. The Europa Regional Surveys of the World offer in-depth, expert analysis at regional, sub-regional and country level.

Subscribers may download archival content from the Europa World Year Book.

Recent elections

Grenada, 13 March 2018
Colombia, 11 March 2018
Cuba, 11 March 2018
El Salvador, 4 March 2018
Sint Maarten, 26 February 2018
Djibouti, 23 February 2018
Cyprus, 4 February 2018

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Click for detailThe Argentine Republic occupies almost the whole of South America south of the Tropic of Capricorn and east of the Andes. Throughout the 20th century government generally alternated between military and civilian rule. The so-called ‘dirty war’ between the military regime and its opponents in 1976–83 ... (MORE)

Recent Events

21 March 2018 Peru

President Pedro Pablo Kuczynski resigned from office in the face of a second impeachment vote in the Congress. Kuczynski had been implicated in the region-wide corruption scandal involving the Brazilian engineering company Odebrecht. He had survived an earlier impeachment vote in December 2017 after members of the opposition Fuerza Popular had abstained from voting, allegedly in exchange for a pardon for imprisoned former President Alberto Fujimori. In the days before the second vote video evidence emerged of the President’s allies seemingly offering deputies funding for their constituencies in return for voting against impeachment. Kuczynski denied any wrongdoing.

20 March 2018 People's Republic of China

At the closing session of the annual meeting of the legislature, the National People’s Congress (NPC), President Xi Jinping gave a speech emphasizing China’s global ambitions and stressing the importance of Chinese unity. The NPC had formally re-elected Xi Jinping to the presidency on 17 March and elected his close associate and the former head of his anti-corruption campaign, Wang Qishan, as Vice-President. The NPC had also approved a series of constitutional amendments, including the removal of the two-term limit for the presidency. Li Keqiang was re-elected as Prime Minister at the head of a streamlined Government, the restructuring of which was widely believed to be aimed at centralizing administrative control. A new anti-corruption agency was created and central government influence over the economy was strengthened both through the appointment of Liu He as a Vice-Premier with responsibility for economic policy and financial issues, and through the merger of the two previous financial regulatory commissions into one body, and increased responsibilities for the central bank under its new Chairman Yi Gang.

18 March 2018 Russian Federation

In a presidential election, Vladimir Putin was elected to a second consecutive (and fourth cumulative) presidential term, in consequence of which he was to remain head of state until 2024. According to provisional results issued by the Central Electoral Commission, he received 76.7% of the votes cast, defeating seven other candidates. His nearest rival was Pavel Grudinin, of the Kommunisticheskaya Partiya Rossiisskoi Federatsii (Communist Party of the Russian Federation), with 11.8% of the votes cast.

15 March 2018 Slovakia

Prime Minister Robert Fico formally announced his resignation, following demands by ruling coalition partner Most/Híd (Bridge) that he leave office. Fico had been Prime Minister since 2012, after a previous term of office in 2006–10, and reportedly intended to retain the chairmanship of Smer-Sociálna demokracia (Smer-SD, Direction-Social Democracy). Widespread protests had taken place following the murders, in late February, of an investigative journalist, who had reportedly been examining political links to organized crime, and his partner. The Minister of Culture resigned as a consequence of the deaths. Subsequently, the Minister of the Interior left office on 12 March, three days after the protests. Upon accepting Fico’s resignation, President Andrej Kiska asked the Smer-SD Deputy Prime Minister, Peter Pellegrini, to form a new government.

14 March 2018 Germany

Angela Merkel of the centre-right Christlich-Demokratische Union Deutschlands/Christlich-Soziale Union (CDU/CSU) was finally sworn in as Chancellor at the head of a renewed ‘grand coalition’ of the CDU/CSU and the centre-left Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands (SPD) following lengthy coalition negotiations. Merkel’s preferred option after the federal elections of 24 September 2017 had been the so-called ‘Jamaica’ coalition between the CDU/CSU, the liberal Freie Demokratische Partei and the environmentalist Bündnis 90/Die Grünen. However, talks between these parties broke down in November and the SPD, which had previously rejected a renewed ‘grand coalition’, agreed to negotiate with the CDU/CSU, as no mainstream parties were willing to work with the third-largest party in the Bundestag, the far-right Alternative für Deutschland. An agreement was finally reached between the CDU/CSU and the SPD in February 2018, which was then put to the SPD membership, some of whom had severe doubts about the party again governing in coalition with the CDU/CSU. In the event some 66% of SPD members accepted the deal.

13 March 2018 Grenada

The ruling New National Party (NNP), led by Keith Mitchell, won a further term in office. As in 2013, the NNP secured all 15 seats in the House of Representatives, and increased its share of the vote, although voter turnout, at 74%, was lower than the 88% registered in 2013. The National Democratic Congress, led by Nazim Burke, failed to win any parliamentary seats.

11 March 2018 Cuba

At elections to the legislature, the National Assembly of People’s Power, all 605 candidates succeeded in obtaining the requisite 50% of the valid votes cast to be elected, according to preliminary results. Of the 8.9m. registered voters, 82.90% participated in the elections. Only 5.58% of the votes cast were blank or spoiled. The new National Assembly was scheduled to elect a successor to President Raúl Castro on 19 April.

02 March 2018 Armenia

The Azgayin Zhoghov (National Assembly) elected Armen Sargsyan, the candidate of the ruling coalition led by the Hayastani Hanrapetakan Kusaktsutyun (Republican Party of Armenia), as President. He was unopposed in the election; his candidacy was supported by 90 of the 101 legislative deputies. Armen Sargsyan, who was to succeed Serzh Sargsyan (no relation), became the first President to be indirectly elected under constitutional revisions approved by referendum in December 2015. Numerous powers hitherto held by the President were to be transferred to the Prime Minister and the legislature following the scheduled inauguration of Armen Sargsyan as President on 9 April.


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