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Welcome to Europa World Plus

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Europa World Plus is the online version of the Europa World Year Book and the nine-volume Regional Surveys of the World series.

First published in 1926, the Europa World Year Book is renowned as one of the world's leading reference works, covering political and economic information in more than 250 countries and territories, from Afghanistan to Zimbabwe. The Europa Regional Surveys of the World offer in-depth, expert analysis at regional, sub-regional and country level.

Subscribers may download archival content from the Europa World Year Book.

Recent elections

Philippines, 13 May 2019
New Caledonia, 12 May 2019
South Africa, 8 May 2019
Panama, 5 May 2019
Benin, 28 April 2019
Spain, 28 April 2019
Indonesia, 17 April 2019 (Legislative)
Indonesia, 17 April 2019 (Presidential)

Free Sample Country


Click for detailThe Argentine Republic occupies almost the whole of South America south of the Tropic of Capricorn and east of the Andes. Throughout the 20th century government generally alternated between military and civilian rule. The so-called ‘dirty war’ between the military regime and its opponents in 1976–83 ... (MORE)

Recent Events

10 May 2019 Panama

Laurentino (Nito) Cortizo was officially proclaimed President-elect, following elections on 5 May. Cortizo, representing the Partido Revolucionario Democrático (PRD), won 33.4% of the valid votes cast. His nearest rival, Rómulo Roux of the Cambio Democrático (CD), a former foreign minister in the Government of Ricardo Martinelli (2009–14), attracted 31.0% of the valid ballot. The PRD also won the most seats in elections to the Asamblea Nacional, 36, and the party’s alliance with Movimiento Liberal Republicano Nacionalista (MOLIRENA), which won four seats, meant that the grouping would enjoy an absolute majority in the 71-seat chamber. Cortizo was scheduled to take office on 1 July.

8 May 2019 South Africa

Elections took place to the National Assembly and to South Africa’s nine provincial legislatures. According to official results released by the Independent Electoral Commission, the African National Congress of South Africa (ANC) took 230 of the National Assembly’s 400 seats, with 57.5% of the valid votes cast, while the Democratic Alliance won 84 seats, with 20.8%, and the Economic Freedom Fighters secured 44 seats (10.8%). The Inkatha Freedom Party was placed fourth with 10 seats (3.4% of the votes), and nine other parties secured parliamentary representation. The rate of voter participation was officially recorded at 66.0%. The ANC also secured a majority in eight provincial assemblies.

28 April 2019 Spain

At an early general election, called in February after the Government’s proposed budget was rejected, the Partido Socialista Obrero Español (PSOE), the party of incumbent Prime Minister Pedro Sánchez, won 123 seats (up from 85 seats at the previous election held in 2016), according to preliminary results, falling short of a majority in the 350-seat Chamber of Deputies. the Partido Popular suffered severe losses, securing just 66 seats (down from 137 in 2016). Ciudadanos won 57 seats and Podemos 35 seats, while VOX España, a right-wing populist, anti-Islam and anti-feminist party entered the legislature for the first time, securing 24 seats. A high turnout, of 75.8%, was recorded.

21 April 2019 Ukraine

In the second round of presidential elections, an actor and comedian who had never before held public office, Volodymyr Zelensky, defeated the incumbent, Petro Poroshenko, obtaining 73.2% of the votes cast. Zelensky obtained an absolute majority of the votes cast in all but one of the 25 administrative territories of Ukraine in which polling was held (no voting took place in those territories of Donetsk and Luhansk Oblasts, in the Donbas, which have been outside of government control since 2014, or in Crimea and Sevastopol, annexed by the Russian Federation earlier that year.) The inauguration of the new President was scheduled for 3 June. Zelensky pledged to combat corruption, to remove the immunity from prosecution of senior government, legislative and judicial officials, and to provide for the greater use of referendums.

11 April 2019 Democratic People's Republic of Korea

At the first session of the 14th Supreme People’s Assembly Kim Jong Un was re-elected as Chairman of the State Affairs Commission. He was referred to in the session as ‘the supreme leader of the Korean people’ by the director of the Organization and Guidance Department, Choe Ryong Hae, who replaced the long-serving Kim Yong Nam as President of the Presidium and thus titular head of state. Choe Ryong Hae was also appointed to the new position of Vice-Chairman of the State Affairs Commission. As part of a major political reorganization Kim Jae Ryong, a senior party official, replaced Pak Pong Ju as Premier. The day before the SPA convened, at the Fourth Plenary Meeting of the Seventh Central Committee of the WPK, the Politburo was expanded and Pak Pong Ju and Ri Man Gon were elected as Vice-Chairmen of the Central Committee.

11 April 2019 Sudan

Following several months of protests and disturbances, it was announced that Field Marshall Omar Hassan Ahmad al-Bashir, head of state since 1989, had been removed from the presidency and detained by the Sudanese military. Lt.-Gen. Awad Mohamed Ahmed Ibn Auf, the Minister of Defence, who had been appointed as First Vice-President in late February when al-Bashir had declared a 12-month national state of emergency, dissolved the Council of Ministers and replaced all 18 state governors, confirmed al-Bahir’s ouster during an address broadcast by the state television network. Furthermore, Ibn Auf stated that the army would lead a two-year transitional period, that a three-month state of emergency would be enacted, that the Constitution of 2005 would be abrogated and that a Transitional Military Council (TMC) would be formed. On 12 April Ibn Auf resigned as head of the TMC and Lt-Gen. Abdel Fattah al-Burhan Abdelrahman was designated as that body’s new Chairman.

10 April 2019 United Kingdom

At a special meeting of the European Council of the European Union (EU), at which Prime Minister Theresa May sought a short delay to the deadline for the United Kingdom’s exit from the EU (Brexit), the 27 other member states offered a longer extension to the UK’s departure date, to 31 October. This date could be brought forward if earlier agreement was reached on a withdrawal deal. The UK had originally been due to leave the EU on 29 March; this deadline had, earlier in March, been extended to 12 April (or 22 May if Parliament accepted the agreement by 12 April). However, Members of Parliament (MPs) had been unable to agree to May’s deal as negotiated with the EU (meaningful votes having rejected it on 15 January and on 12 and 29 March), and indicative votes by MPs had failed to elicit agreement on alternative arrangements. If no agreement was reached before 22 May, the delay would entail the UK taking part in elections to the European Parliament, scheduled in EU member states for 23–26 May.

2 April 2019 Algeria

Abdelaziz Bouteflika announced his immediate resignation as President. This followed a public intervention by the Vice-Minister of National Defence and Chief of Staff of the People’s National Army, Lt-Gen. Ahmed Gaid Salah, who urged that Bouteflika be forced to step down in accordance with Article 102 of the Constitution, which outlined the process for removing a President from office in cases of incapacity. According to the Constitution, the President of the Council of the Nation, Abdelkader Bensalah, was to become head of state on an interim basis. In early March large-scale popular protests against a fifth term of office for Bouteflika had prompted him to postpone the presidential election scheduled to take place in April, and to announce a period of transition to a new presidency and government. However, the protests continued into the following month, with demonstrators demanding Bouteflika’s removal. Meanwhile, on 1–2 April, a new Council of Ministers took office under Noureddine Bedoui as Prime Minister. Most notably, Sabri Boukadoum replaced Ramtane Lamamra as Minister of Foreign Affairs, while the Governor of the central bank, Mohamed Loukal, joined the Government as Minister of Finance.


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