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Europa World Plus is the online version of the Europa World Year Book and the nine-volume Regional Surveys of the World series.

First published in 1926, the Europa World Year Book is renowned as one of the world's leading reference works, covering political and economic information in more than 250 countries and territories, from Afghanistan to Zimbabwe. The Europa Regional Surveys of the World offer in-depth, expert analysis at regional, sub-regional and country level.

Subscribers may download archival content from the Europa World Year Book.

Recent elections

Montenegro, 15 April 2018
Azerbaijan, 11 April 2018
Hungary, 8 April 2018
Costa Rica, 1 April 2018
Antigua and Barbuda, 21 March 2018
Russian Federation, 18 March 2018
Grenada, 13 March 2018

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Click for detailThe Argentine Republic occupies almost the whole of South America south of the Tropic of Capricorn and east of the Andes. Throughout the 20th century government generally alternated between military and civilian rule. The so-called ‘dirty war’ between the military regime and its opponents in 1976–83 ... (MORE)

Recent Events

17 April 2018 Armenia

The legislature, the National Assembly, voted to elect and confirm in post Serzh Sargsyan of the Hayastani Hanrapetakan Kusaktsutyun (Republican Party of Armenia), who had served as the country's President from 2008 until 9 April 2018, as Prime Minister. On his assumption of office, the final stage of constitutional amendments approved by referendum in December 2015 entered into effect. Notably, the Prime Minister and National Assembly assumed numerous powers (including the Prime Minister becoming the Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces in times of war) that previously had belonged to the President. Large-scale public protests against the effective retention by Serzh Sargsyan of many of the powers that he had enjoyed in his previous position ensued in the capital city, Yerevan.

08 April 2018 Hungary

According to the final results of the legislative elections, the ruling Federation of Young Democrats—Hungarian Civic Alliance (Fidesz), led by Viktor Orbán, secured a parliamentary majority, winning 133 of the 199 seats in the National Assembly. Jobbik (founded as an extremist nationalist party) won 26 seats, and an alliance of the Hungarian Socialist Party and the environmentalist Dialogue for Hungary secured 20 seats. Turn-out was recorded at 70.2%. The results were interpreted as an expression of support for Orbán’s policy of ‘illiberal democracy’, which had brought Hungary into conflict with the European Commission.

04 April 2018 Sierra Leone

The National Electoral Commission released results of the run-off presidential election, which was held on 31 March 2018. According to these, Julius Maada Bio, representing the Sierra Leone People’s Party (SLPP), obtained 51.2% of the valid votes cast and was thus elected to the presidency. Turnout was officially recorded at 81.1% of registered voters. The defeated candidate, Samura Kamara, who had contested the election on behalf of the All-People’s Congress (APC), announced his intention to challenge the results and maintained that the ballot had been marred by voting irregularities. The first round of the presidential election, at which Maada Bio was narrowly first-placed (of a total 16 candidates), with 43.3% of the votes cast, while Kamara received 42.7% of the votes, had taken place on 7 March, concurrent with legislative elections. Officially declared results of these attributed 64 of the 132 seats to the APC, while the SLPP won 48. Independent candidates took three seats, the Coalition For Change obtained eight and the National Grand Coalition four. (The results in five constituencies were not declared immediately.)

01 April 2018 Botswana

Mokgweetsi E. K. Masisi was inaugurated as the fifth President of Botswana, in succession to Lt-Gen. Seretse Khama Ian Khama (upon the expiry of the latter’s second presidential term). On 4 April the National Assembly endorsed the appointment of Slumber Tsogwane, hitherto the Minister of Local Government and Rural Development, as Vice-President. Masisi named a new Cabinet later that day to which a significant proportion of the outgoing government ministers were reappointed. Most notably, the former Minister of Infrastructure and Housing Development, Nonofo Molefhi, became Minister of Presidential Affairs, Governance and Public Administration, while Vincent T. Seretse, who had served as Minister of Investment, Trade and Industry under Khama, assumed the position of Minister of International Affairs and Co-operation.

01 April 2018 Costa Rica

According to provisional results from the Tribunal Supremo de Elecciones, Carlos Alvarado Quesada, the candidate of the governing centre-left Partido Acción Ciudadana (PAC), was the victor in the second round of the presidential election. Alvarado, a former minister in the Government of current head of state Luis Guillermo Solís, won 60.7% of the vote, while Fabricio Alvarado Muñoz, an evangelical preacher representing the right-wing Restauración Nacional, won 39.3%. The scale of Carlos Alvarado’s victory was unexpected, as opinion polls had suggested support for both candidates was equal. The new President would have to secure support from other parties, as the PAC had just 10 seats in the new Legislative Assembly.

26-28 March 2018 Egypt

At a presidential election, Abd al-Fatah al-Sisi was overwhelmingly re-elected for a second four-year term. According to final results published by the National Elections Authority on 2 April, President al-Sisi secured 97.1% of the valid votes cast. His sole opponent, Al-Ghad Party Chairman Moussa Moustafa Moussa (a self-acknowledged supporter of al-Sisi), took just 2.9%. Turnout was recorded at 41.5% of eligible voters, although some 7.3% of the total votes were declared invalid. The conduct of the election had been criticized by some observers after potential candidates were arrested or withdrew in the months prior, while some opposition groups appealed to voters to boycott the poll.

23 March 2018 Mauritius

Ameenah Gurib-Fakim, President since June 2015, resigned as head of state. Earlier in March the Council of Ministers had initiated impeachment proceedings against Gurib-Fakim after allegations emerged that she had made irregular payments with a credit card provided by a UK-based charitable organization, the Planet Earth Institute. After initially insisting that she would not step down, Gurib-Fakim came under intense domestic pressure and, although maintaining her innocence of any wrongdoing, she confirmed on 17 March that her resignation ‘in the national interest’ would be effective on 23 March. The hitherto Vice-President, Paramasivum Pillay Vyapoory, assumed the presidency on an interim basis.

21 March 2018 Peru

President Pedro Pablo Kuczynski resigned from office in the face of a second impeachment vote in the Congress. Kuczynski had been implicated in the region-wide corruption scandal involving the Brazilian engineering company Odebrecht. He had survived an earlier impeachment vote in December 2017 after members of the opposition Fuerza Popular had abstained from voting, allegedly in exchange for a pardon for imprisoned former President Alberto Fujimori. In the days before the second vote video evidence emerged of the President’s allies seemingly offering deputies funding for their constituencies in return for voting against impeachment. Kuczynski denied any wrongdoing.


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