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Welcome to Europa World Plus

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Europa World Plus is the online version of the Europa World Year Book and the nine-volume Regional Surveys of the World series.

First published in 1926, the Europa World Year Book is renowned as one of the world's leading reference works, covering political and economic information in more than 250 countries and territories, from Afghanistan to Zimbabwe. The Europa Regional Surveys of the World offer in-depth, expert analysis at regional, sub-regional and country level.

Subscribers may download archival content from the Europa World Year Book.

Recent elections

Kenya, 26 October 2017
Czech Republic, 20–21 October 2017
Iceland, 28 October 2017
Japan, 22 October 2017
Argentina, 22 October 2017
Austria, 15 October 2017
Kyrgyzstan, 15 October 2017

Free Sample Country

Argentina

Click for detailThe Argentine Republic occupies almost the whole of South America south of the Tropic of Capricorn and east of the Andes. Throughout the 20th century government generally alternated between military and civilian rule. The so-called ‘dirty war’ between the military regime and its opponents in 1976–83 ... (MORE)

Recent Events

21 November 2017 Zimbabwe

Robert Mugabe, President since 1987, announced his resignation. Mugabe, who had been detained at his official residence by members of the military on 15 November and was removed from his position as President of the ruling Zimbabwe African National Union—Patriotic Front (ZANU—PF) party on 19 November, had been subject to an impeachment motion in the Zimbabwean legislature, having initially refused to step down from the office of head of state. Emmerson Mnangagwa, who had been dismissed from his position as First Vice-President on 6 November, which had been widely perceived as an attempt to ensure the succession to the presidency of Mugabe’s wife, Grace Mugabe, was nominated by ZANU—PF to succeed Mugabe as both party leader and national President.

19 November 2017 Chile

Sebastián Piñera of the centre-right Chile Vamos alliance garnered the most votes in the first round of the presidential election. Piñera, who had held the presidency in 2010–14, attracted 36.52% of the valid votes cast, ahead of his nearest rival Alejandro Guillier, an independent allied to the Convergencia Democrática (a regrouping of the ruling left-wing Nueva Mayoría coalition), who won 22.70% of the vote. Third-placed was Beatriz Sánchez of the newly formed Frente Amplio. The vote for left-wing parties was divided, after the Partido Demócrata Cristiano fielded its own candidate, Carolina Goic. As Piñera failed to secure enough votes for an outright victory, a run-off ballot between the two leading candidates was scheduled for 17 December.

01 November 2017 Kenya

The Independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission (IEBC) released results of the reheld presidential election, which took place on 26 October. (The officially declared outcome of the original poll, held on 8 August, had been nullifed in early September by the Supreme Court, which ruled that the IEBC had committed irregularities in the transmission of the results.) The incumbent Uhuru Kenyatta, representing the Jubilee Party, was re-elected, having secured 98.3% of the valid votes cast. Raila Odinga, who had contested the original election on behalf of the Orange Democratic Movement, withdrew from the second poll in mid-October, alleging that the IEBC had failed to implement the reforms necessary to prevent a repeat of the irregularities of the August election, although his name remained on the ballot papers and he secured 1.0% of the votes. None of the other six candidates won more than 0.3% of the votes cast. (In the first poll Odinga had secured 44.9% of the vote, while Kenyatta had been attributed 54.2%.) The rate of voter participation at the reheld election was officially recorded at 38.8%.

01 November 2017 Japan

Shinzo Abe was re-elected as Prime Minister by the House of Representatives following a victory in a snap election on 22 October; his previous Cabinet was sworn in without any changes. Abe’s ruling Liberal Democratic Party won 284 seats at the election, while its partner Komeito won 29 seats, thus preserving the coalition’s two-thirds’ majority in the 465-member chamber. Abe benefited from disarray in the opposition following a decision by the Democratic Party, which had been struggling in the polls, to support a new national political grouping, the Party of Hope, launched by the popular right-leaning mayor of Tokyo, Yuriko Koike. However, when not all Democratic Party candidates were approved to represent the Party of Hope, the deputy president of the Democratic Party, Yukio Edano, established a left-leaning party, the Constitutional Democratic Party of Japan (CDPJ). The CDPJ won 55 seats and the Party of Hope 50 seats.

29 October 2017 Iraq

The President of the Kurdish Autonomous Region, Masoud Barzani, declared his intention to resign on the expiry of his current term of office on 1 November 2017. Barzani’s decision not to seek a further term followed the loss of territory by the Kurdish Regional Government (KRG) to the direct control of the Iraqi federal Government and its armed forces during October. On 25 September Barzani and the KRG had conducted a referendum on Kurdish independence among those resident in the Kurdish Autonomous Region and in territories disputed between the autonomous administration and Iraq, including the city of Kirkuk. According to official results, 92.7% of voters endorsed the creation of a sovereign and independent Kurdish state. However, the Government of Iraq refused to recognize the legitimacy of the poll and subsequently engaged in military action to regain territory from the KRG, taking Kirkuk and its surrounding oilfields in mid-October.

28 October 2017 Iceland

Early elections to the Althingi were held just a year after the previous polls, after Bright Future announced in September that it was leaving the governing coalition, citing breach of trust within the Government following revelations about the ‘honour restoration’ of a convicted paedophile under a letter of recommendation system. One letter had been provided by Prime Minister Bjarni Benediktsson’s father, and it was revealed that the Ministry of Justice and Benediktsson had known about the letter for several months without disclosing its provenance. Benediktsson’s Independence Party (IP) remained the largest grouping in the 63-seat legislature, albeit with a loss of five seats to 16 seats. Erstwhile IP coalition partners Reconstruction/Restoration and Bright Future fared badly, Bright Future losing its representation in the Althingi altogether, while the new Centre Party and People’s Party secured seven and four seats, respectively. The Left-Green Movement won 11 seats, the Social-Democratic Alliance seven, the Progressive Party eight and the Pirate Party six. Negotiations on the formation of a new coalition were to begin.

27 October 2017 Spain

Legislators in the 135-seat regional parliament in Catalonia voted by 70 votes in favour to 10 against to declare independence from Spain (a number of deputies opposed to independence boycotted the poll). This followed a referendum held on 1 October—which had previously been deemed unlawful by the Spanish Government and the Constitutional Court—at which it was estimated by regional officials that some 90% of those voting (around 43% of registered voters in Catalonia) were in favour of independence. The Spanish Government, following the Senate’s approval, invoked Article 155 of the Constitution to suspend Catalonia’s regional autonomy, dissolve its legislature, and remove the separatist administration of Carles Puigdemont and the head of the regional police force from office. Spanish Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy announced that fresh elections to Catalonia’s regional parliament would be held on 21 December.

25 October 2017 People's Republic of China

Xi Jinping was re-elected for a second term as General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China (CPC) at the first plenary session following the 19th CPC National Congress, which was held on 18–24 October. Xi Jinping was also confirmed for a further term in his role as Chairman of the CPC Central Military Commission. Among the appointments to the Standing Committee of the Politburo announced on 24 October there was no younger candidate who could be viewed as an obvious successor to Xi Jinping, sparking speculation that he might intend to serve a further term. Confirming his status as a leader, Xi Jinping’s contribution to the guiding ideology of the party was included with his name in the Constitution, an honour previously accorded only to former leaders Mao Zedong and Deng Xiaoping.

 


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