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Welcome to Europa World Plus

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Europa World Plus is the online version of the Europa World Year Book and the nine-volume Regional Surveys of the World series.

First published in 1926, the Europa World Year Book is renowned as one of the world's leading reference works, covering political and economic information in more than 250 countries and territories, from Afghanistan to Zimbabwe. The Europa Regional Surveys of the World offer in-depth, expert analysis at regional, sub-regional and country level.

Subscribers may download archival content from the Europa World Year Book.

Recent elections

Guinea-Bissau, 10 March 2019
Estonia, 3 March 2019
British Virgin Islands, 25 February 2019
Senegal, 24 February 2019
Moldova, 24 February 2019
Nigeria (legislative), 23 February 2019
Nigeria (presidential), 23 February 2019
El Salvador, 3 February 2019
Bangladesh, 30 December 2018

Free Sample Country

Argentina

Click for detailThe Argentine Republic occupies almost the whole of South America south of the Tropic of Capricorn and east of the Andes. Throughout the 20th century government generally alternated between military and civilian rule. The so-called ‘dirty war’ between the military regime and its opponents in 1976–83 ... (MORE)

Recent Events

21 March 2019 United Kingdom

During a summit of European Union (EU) government leaders in Brussels, Belgium, Prime Minister Theresa May secured a short delay to the date on which the UK was to leave the Union, originally set for 29 March. If Members of Parliament (MPs) accepted the deal negotiated between May and the EU (which had been rejected in the House of Commons on 15 January by 230 votes and again on 12 March by 149 votes, despite EU reassurances on the so-called backstop arrangement to avoid a ‘hard’ border between Northern Ireland and Ireland), Brexit would be rescheduled for 22 May in order to give Parliament time for the relevant EU withdrawal legislation to be passed. If MPs rejected the deal, the UK would have until 12 April to put forward alternative plans, which would require the approval of the 27 other EU member states. Any further delay to Brexit would need to involve procedures for the UK taking part in the elections to the European Parliament scheduled for 23–26 May. In a setback to the Prime Minister’s plans for MPs to vote again on the agreement, on 18 March the Speaker of the House of Commons had ruled that, according to longstanding parliamentary procedural conventions, it was not currently constitutionally possible for a further vote on the same subject to take place as long as the motion remained ‘substantially the same’.

19 March 2019 Kazakhstan

Nursultan Nazarbaev announced his resignation as President, to take effect from 20 March 2019. He had held this position since the establishment of the republican presidency in March 1990, prior to Kazakhstani independence from the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) in December 1991. He had previously served as Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic, within the USSR, since 1984. In addition to retaining the honorary title of Elbası (Leader of the Nation) granted by law in 2010, Nazarbaev was to retain the chairmanship of the ruling Nur Otan Halıqtıq Demokratïyaliq Partïyasi (Light of the Fatherland People’s Democratic Party) and the lifetime chairmanship of the supervisory Security Council, while enjoying immunity from prosecution. The presidency was assumed on an interim basis, until elections scheduled for 2020, by the hitherto Chairman of the Senate, Qasım-Jomart Toqaev. On 20 March the daughter of the outgoing President, Dariğa Nazarbaeva, was elected to Toqaev’s former position.

11 March 2019 Algeria

President Abdelaziz Bouteflika announced the postponement of the presidential election scheduled for 18 April 2019 and declared that he no longer sought a fifth consecutive term of office. (He had held office since 1999.) In a letter addressed to the Algerian people, broadcast on national television, the President stated his intention to convene an ‘inclusive and independent’ national conference, with the aim of drafting a new Constitution by the end of 2019; the conference would be followed by a national referendum to approve the draft. A presidential election would be held at a time to be decided by the national conference. After Bouteflika’s intervention, Prime Minister Ahmed Ouyahia submitted his resignation and was replaced on 12 March by Noureddine Bedoui, hitherto the Minister of the Interior, Local Authorities and Territorial Planning. Ramtane Lamamra returned to the Government as Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs. Bedoui was expected to form a new Council of Ministers within days of his appointment. These developments followed a week of large-scale demonstrations and industrial action in the capital, Algiers, and across the country by protesters opposed to a fifth presidential term for Bouteflika, amid reports of his ill health and the increasing influence upon government of his advisers and prominent supporters.

8 March 2019 Finland

Prime Minister Juha Sipilä tendered the resignation of the coalition Government, comprising the Finnish Centre Party, Blue Reform (former Finns Party members, following a split in the Finns Party in 2017) and the National Coalition Party, a few weeks before the scheduled general election, which was due to be held on 14 April. President Sauli Niinistö asked the administration to continue in a caretaker capacity until the general election. The resignation came after the Government’s proposed reforms to health and social care—which included the transfer of care provision from municipalities to 18 new regional authorities, and an increased role for the private sector—were rejected.

3 March 2019 Estonia

The results of the legislative elections showed that the Eesti Reformierakond (Estonian Reform Party) remained the first-placed party, with 28.9% of the votes cast and 34 seats (representing an increase of four seats compared with 2015), while the governing Eesti Keskerakond (Estonian Centre Party) obtained 23.1% of the votes and 26 seats; support for the Eesti Konservatiivne Rahvaerakond (Estonian Conservative People’s Party) strengthened significantly, to 17.8% and 19 seats (compared with seven in 2015), surpassing support for the Isamaa Erakond (Pro Patria Party), with 11.4% and 12 seats, and the Sotsiaaldemokraatlik Erakond (Social Democratic Party), with 9.8% and 10 seats. Voter turnout was officially recorded at 63.7%.

26 February 2019 Nigeria

The results of the legislative elections showed that the Eesti Reformierakond (Estonian Reform Party) remained the first-placed party, with 28.9% of the votes cast and 34 seats (representing an increase of four seats compared with 2015), while the governing Eesti Keskerakond (Estonian Centre Party) obtained 23.1% of the votes and 26 seats; support for the Eesti Konservatiivne Rahvaerakond (Estonian Conservative People’s Party) strengthened significantly, to 17.8% and 19 seats (compared with seven in 2015), surpassing support for the Isamaa Erakond (Pro Patria Party), with 11.4% and 12 seats, and the Sotsiaaldemokraatlik Erakond (Social Democratic Party), with 9.8% and 10 seats. Voter turnout was officially recorded at 63.7%.

24 February 2019 Senegal

Macky Sall was re-elected for a second term of office as President, according to final results released by the Constitutional Council on 5 March. Sall, the candidate of the Benno Bokk Yaakaar coalition, secured 58.3% of the valid votes cast, while his closest rival among four other candidates, Idrissa Seck (the Prime Minister in 2002–04), who contested the election under the banner of Coalition Idy 2019, took 20.5%. Ousmane Sonko was placed third with 15.7% of the valid votes cast. The rate of participation by voters was 66.3% of the registered electorate.

22 February 2019 Philippines

President Rodrigo Duterte swore in the 80 members of the Bangsamoro Transition Authority (BTA), which would govern the newly created Bangsamoro Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (BARMM) for three years, pending elections in the region in 2022. The leader of the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF), Al Hajj Murad Ebrahim, took office as the BARMM’s interim Chief Minister. The BARMM includes five provinces (Lanao del Sur, Maguindanao, Basilan, Sulu and Tawi-Tawi), three cities (Marawi City, Lamitan City and Cotabato City) and 63 villages in North Cotabato and replaces the now defunct Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM). The incumbent officials of the former ARMM Government were to form part of the BTA until the end of their term of office on 30 June 2019. President Duterte also presided over the ceremonial confirmation of the results of the two plebiscites to ratify the Bangsamoro Organic Law, which provided for the establishment of the new political entity, which had taken place on 21 January and 6 February.

 


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