Europa World: The Europa World Year Book online Routledge -- Taylor & Francis group



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Welcome to Europa World Plus

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Europa World Plus is the online version of the Europa World Year Book and the nine-volume Regional Surveys of the World series.

First published in 1926, the Europa World Year Book is renowned as one of the world's leading reference works, covering political and economic information in more than 250 countries and territories, from Afghanistan to Zimbabwe. The Europa Regional Surveys of the World offer in-depth, expert analysis at regional, sub-regional and country level.

Subscribers may download archival content from the Europa World Year Book.

Recent elections

US Virgin Islands, gubernatorial, 6 November 2018
US Virgin Islands, legislative, 6 November 2018
Bhutan, 18 October 2018
Luxembourg, 14 October 2018
Brazil, 7 and 28 October 2018
Cameroon, 7 October 2018
São Tomé and Príncipe, 7 October 2018
Gabon, 6 and 27 October 2018

Free Sample Country


Click for detailThe Argentine Republic occupies almost the whole of South America south of the Tropic of Capricorn and east of the Andes. Throughout the 20th century government generally alternated between military and civilian rule. The so-called ‘dirty war’ between the military regime and its opponents in 1976–83 ... (MORE)

Recent Events

14 November 2018 United Kingdom

Political turmoil followed Prime Minister Theresa May’s announcement that a draft agreement had been reached with European Union (EU) negotiators on the terms of the United Kingdom’s exit from the EU (Brexit), which was due to take place on 29 March 2019. Although May claimed to have the support of the cabinet, the Secretary of State for Exiting the European Union, Dominic Raab, resigned on 15 November, swiftly followed by the Secretary of State for Work and Pensions, Esther McVey, and two junior ministers. May was likely to face severe problems securing the necessary parliamentary approval for the agreement, which was disliked by both hardline Brexit supporters (including members of Parliament from May’s own Conservative Party and the Democratic Unionist Party of Northern Ireland, which had entered into an agreement with the Government to support it in key votes), as well as by those wishing to remain in the EU. The remaining EU member states would also need to agree on the negotiated terms.

05 November 2018 New Caledonia

At a referendum 56.4% of voters chose to remain part of France, while 43.6% voted for independence. New Caledonia became a French colony in 1853. Tensions between the largely pro-independence indigenous Kanaks and the descendants of European settlers, who mostly favoured remaining part of France, were calmed in 1998 when the electorate approved the Nouméa Accord, which provided for a gradual transfer of power to local institutions and a referendum to be held by the end of 2018. The result of the referendum was closer than widely expected, increasing the likelihood that the two further polls that were permitted under the Nouméa Accord in the event of a vote against independence would take place in 2020 and 2022.

02 November 2018 Eswatini

The Prime Minister, Mandvulo Ambrose Dlamimi, announced the formation of a new Government. Dlamini, the former CEO of the telecommunications company Swazi MTN, who had been appointed to the premiership on 27 October, named Themba Masuku as Deputy Prime Minister and Neil Reikenburg as Minister of Finance, while Princess Sikhanyiso, the daughter of the monarch King Mswati III, was awarded the information, communication and technology portfolio.

30 October 2018 Mauritania

A new, 25-member Government, led by Mohamed Salem Ould Béchir, took office. Ould Béchir, hitherto Managing Director of the Société Nationale Industrielle et Minière, had been appointed Prime Minister on the previous day by President Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz. The outgoing Prime Minister, Yahya Ould Hademine, became Minister of State, Chargé de Mission at the Presidency of the Republic in the new Government, while the Chief of General Staff of the Armed Forces, Maj.-Gen. Mohamed Ould Cheikh Mohamed Ahmed Ould El Ghazouani, assumed the position of Minister of National Defence. However, the key portfolios of foreign affairs and co-operation, the economy and finance, and the interior and decentralization remained unchanged.

29 October 2018 Germany

Angela Merkel, Chancellor since 2005, announced that she would not seek re-election as Chairperson of the Christlich-Demokratische Union Deutschlands (CDU)—a position that she had held since 2000—at the party’s conference in December 2018. She intended, however, to remain as Chancellor until the federal elections provisionally scheduled for 2021. The announcement followed heavy losses for the CDU and its Bavarian sister party, the Christlich-Soziale Union (CSU), at Land elections in Bavaria and Hesse in October, which saw the far-right Alternative für Deutschland enter both legislatures and the environmentalist Die Grünen increase their share of the vote.

28 October 2018 Brazil

The Tribunal Superior Eleitoral confirmed that the far right candidate, Jair Bolsonaro of the Partido Social Liberal, was the winner of the second round of the presidential election. According to results after 94.4% of the votes had been counted, Bolsonaro attracted 55.5% of the valid votes, compared to the 44.5% garnered by Fernando Haddad of the left-wing Partido dos Trabalhadores. Bolsonaro had pledged, if elected, to relax gun ownership in response to rising crime in the country, as well as to tackle widespread corruption in political and business circles. The new President was scheduled to take office on 1 January 2019.

26 October 2018 Sri Lanka

Mahinda Rajapaksa, who served as President in 2005–15, was sworn in as Prime Minister by his successor as President, Maithripala Sirisena. Sirisena concurrently ordered the suspension of Parliament until 16 November 2018. However, the outgoing premier, Ranil Wickremesinghe, contested his removal from office, claiming that Sirisena had violated the Constitution by appointing Rajapaksa without first gaining the approval of Parliament. The controversy threatened to develop into a constitutional crisis as ministers belonging to Wickremesinghe’s United National Party (UNP) appeared on national television to demand that a parliamentary session be convened, while Wickremesinghe himself refused to leave the Prime Minister’s official residence in the country’s main city, Colombo. These events followed a period of tense relations between Sirisena’s Sri Lanka Freedom Party and the UNP, which had governed together in coalition since forming an alliance to defeat Rajapaksa at the 2015 presidential election.

24 October 2018 Iraq

Adil Abd al-Mahdi, a former Vice-President and Minister of Oil, took office as Prime Minister, following the partial approval of his nominated cabinet by parliament. Abd al-Mahdi had been asked to form a government by the newly elected President, Barham Salih, on 2 October. A total of 14 ministerial nominees were approved: Fouad Hussain was appointed as Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Finance, and Thamer al-Ghadbhan as Deputy Prime Minister for Energy Affairs and Minister of Oil. Mohammed Ali al-Hakeem became Minister of Foreign Affairs. The defence and interior portfolios, among others, remained unallocated. Talks over the nomination of new candidates for those posts were ongoing in early November.


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