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Welcome to Europa World Plus

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Europa World Plus is the online version of the Europa World Year Book and the nine-volume Regional Surveys of the World series.

First published in 1926, the Europa World Year Book is renowned as one of the world's leading reference works, covering political and economic information in more than 250 countries and territories, from Afghanistan to Zimbabwe. The Europa Regional Surveys of the World offer in-depth, expert analysis at regional, sub-regional and country level.

Subscribers may download archival content from the Europa World Year Book.

Recent elections

Ukraine, 21 July 2019
Japan, 21 July 2019
Greece, 7 July 2019
Mauritania, 22 June 2019
Guatemala, 16 June and 11 August 2019
Kazakhstan, 9 June 2019
Denmark, 5 June 2019
Madagascar, 27 May 2019

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Click for detailThe Argentine Republic occupies almost the whole of South America south of the Tropic of Capricorn and east of the Andes. Throughout the 20th century government generally alternated between military and civilian rule. The so-called ‘dirty war’ between the military regime and its opponents in 1976–83 ... (MORE)

Recent Events

20 August 2019 Italy

Giuseppe Conte, Prime Minister since June 2018, tendered his resignation to President Sergio Mattarella following the collapse of the populist coalition comprising the anti-establishment MoVimento 5 Stelle (M5S—Five Star Movement), the far-right, anti-immigration Lega (League) and independents. Conte, an independent, blamed the political crisis on Lega leader and Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of the Interior Matteo Salvini, who had announced the end of the coalition earlier in August and demanded a general election. According to some observers, Salvini sought fresh elections in order to capitalize on the Lega’s growing popularity: the junior partner to M5S in the governing coalition had taken some 34% of votes (to the 17% won by the M5S) at the elections to the European Parliament held in May 2019. President Mattarella asked the Government to continue in post pending a decision on whether to call early elections, seek agreement on a new coalition, or put forward a caretaker government.

17 August 2019 Sudan

The Transitional Military Council (TMC), which assumed power following the ouster of President Omar Hassan Ahmad al-Bashir in April, and the opposition Forces for Freedom and Change (FFC) signed a power-sharing Political Agreement and Constitutional Declaration. These provided for the installation of an 11-member Sovereignty Council (composed of six civilians and five members of the military) which would assume the governance functions of the country for a three-year period, after which elections would be held. with the TMC selecting the Chairman of the new body for the first 21 months, after which period the FFC would nominate a Chairman to serve for 18 months. Negotiations between the two sides had been ongoing for several months, amid widespread demonstrations and protests, and were brought to a conclusion following significant mediation from the African Union and the Ethiopian Government.The landmark power-sharing agreement ushers in a new governing council, including both civilians and generals, to pave the way towards elections and civilian rule.

11 August 2019 Guatemala

According to official preliminary results from the Tribunal Supremo Electoral, Alejandro Giammattei of the VAMOS party was the victor of the presidential election, taking 58.0% of the valid votes in the run-off ballot. His rival, former first lady Sandra Torres of the Unidad Nacional de la Esperanza, won 42.1% of the votes. Turnout was again low, at 42%, reflecting the electorate’s disillusionment at the perceived widespread corruption in politics. Giammattei confirmed he would not renew the mandate of the independent International Commission against Impunity in Guatemala (Comisión Internacional contra la Impunidad en Guatemala) after it ended in September. The new President-elect also indicated his intention to renegotiate the controversial agreement signed by outgoing President Jimmy Morales and US President Donald Trump in July that deemed Guatemala to be a ‘safe country’ for migrants trying to reach the USA, thus allowing the US Administration to deport migrants there.

7 August 2019 Puerto Rico

Wanda Vázquez Garced was sworn in as Governor after the Supreme Court ruled that the appointment of Pedro Pierluisi only five days earlier had been unconstitutional. Vázquez was Puerto Rico’s third Governor in less than a week: Ricardo Rosselló had resigned on 1 August after a series of sexist and homophobic messages between him and several of his team had been made public. Following the leaking of the exchanges in mid-July, Puerto Ricans had staged two weeks of anti-Government demonstrations, in protest also against corruption, the administration’s perceived inadequate response to the devastation caused by Hurricane Maria in 2017, and the ongoing financial crisis on the island. Pierluisi, a former Resident Commissioner, was sworn in as Governor on 2 August, but his tenure was ruled unlawful as it had not been confirmed by the Senate, and he was forced to step down. Vázquez, as Secretary of Justice, was the next in line constitutionally to take up the position.

25 July 2019 Spain

Partido Socialista Obrero Español (PSOE) leader and caretaker Prime Minister Pedro Sánchez failed for the second time to secure enough support in the Congress of Deputies to be installed as premier (a first vote had taken place on 23 July). Following legislative elections on 28 April, the PSOE held 123 seats in the 350-seat Congress of Deputies, and Sánchez thus needed the support of other parties to secure a majority. Negotiations on government formation between the PSOE and the left-wing Podemos, which with its allies held 42 seats in total, broke down prior to the vote. Under the terms of the Constitution, if no Government was formed by 23 September, fresh elections would be called.

25 July 2019 Tunisia

President Béji Caïd Essebsi died following a severe illness. Essebsi—who was aged 92 years—had been elected to the presidency in December 2014, having previously served as Minister of Foreign Affairs in 1981–86 and as Prime Minister in February–December 2011. Essebsi was due to relinquish the presidency after an election scheduled for 17 November. The President of the House of the Representatives of the People, Mohamed Ennaceur, was sworn into office as head of state on an interim basis. Under the terms of the Constitution, in the event of a permanent presidential vacancy, the speaker of parliament takes office for a period of up to 90 days.

24 July 2019 United Kingdom

Boris Johnson, the new leader of the Conservative Party, took office as Prime Minister following the departure from office of Theresa May, who had been premier since mid-2016. Johnson, a former Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, was one of two leadership candidates put forward to a vote of Conservative Party members, and resoundingly defeated his opponent, Jeremy Hunt (Johnson’s replacement as foreign secretary). May’s resignation on 7 June followed months of political deadlock in the UK with regard to the country’s exit (Brexit) from the European Union (EU), the agreement negotiated between May and the EU having been rejected three times by a deeply divided British Parliament. In April the EU had agreed to delay Brexit from the original departure date of 29 March until 31 October. Several members of the Cabinet and junior ministers resigned prior to and after Johnson’s confirmation as Prime Minister, including Chancellor of the Exchequer Philip Hammond, an opponent of a so-called ‘no-deal Brexit’, a potential outcome accepted by Johnson.

21 July 2019 Ukraine

Elections were held to the Verkhovna Rada (Supreme Council). The Sluha Narodu (Servant of the People) party, led by President Volodymyr Zelensky, was placed first, with 254 of the 450 seats. This represented the first occasion since Ukrainian independence in 1991 on which any party had won an absolute legislative majority in a general election. The pro-Russian Opozytsiyny Platforma—Za Zhyttya (Opposition Platform—For Life) was placed second, with only 43 seats, ahead of the Batkivshchyna party of former Prime Minister Yuliya Tymoshenko, with 26 seats. The party of the former President, Petro Poroshenko, Yevropeyska Solidarnist (European Solidarity) obtained 25 seats, a pro-European Party, Holos (Voice) obtained 20 seats, and the pro-Russian Opozytsiyny Blok (Opposition Bloc) won 20 seats. Four other parties each elected one deputy, and 45 independent candidates were represented. Voting was not conducted in the Crimean peninsula, annexed by Russia in 2014, or in those areas of the eastern Donbas region outside of Government control.


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