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Welcome to Europa World Plus

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Europa World Plus is the online version of the Europa World Year Book and the nine-volume Regional Surveys of the World series.

First published in 1926, the Europa World Year Book is renowned as one of the world's leading reference works, covering political and economic information in more than 250 countries and territories, from Afghanistan to Zimbabwe. The Europa Regional Surveys of the World offer in-depth, expert analysis at regional, sub-regional and country level.

Subscribers may download archival content from the Europa World Year Book.

Recent elections

Zimbabwe, presidential, 30 July 2018
Zimbabwe, legislative, 30 July 2018
Mexico, 1 July 2018
Cook Islands, 14 June 2018
Slovenia, 3 June 2018
Colombia, 27 May and 17 June 2018
Barbados, 24 May 2018
Venezuela, 20 May 2018

Free Sample Country

Argentina

Click for detailThe Argentine Republic occupies almost the whole of South America south of the Tropic of Capricorn and east of the Andes. Throughout the 20th century government generally alternated between military and civilian rule. The so-called ‘dirty war’ between the military regime and its opponents in 1976–83 ... (MORE)

Recent Events

2 August 2018 Zimbabwe

The Zimbabwe Election Commission (ZEC) announced the results of the presidential election held on 30 July, according to which the incumbent Emmerson Mnangagwa, representing the Zimbabwe African National Union—Patriotic Front (ZANU—PF) was re-elected with 51.5% of the valid votes cast, thus obviating the need for a second round of voting. His closest rival, Nelson Chamisa of the Movement for Democratic Change Alliance (MDCA), took 45.0%. None of the 21 other candidates secured more than 1.0% of the valid votes cast. The announcement of the results, which had been subject to a number of delays, was preceded by violent protests in the capital, Harare, in which six people were reported to have been killed. Chamisa maintained that the ZEC had released ‘unverified fake results’, while the European Union Election Observation Mission was critical of the ‘un-level playing field and intimidation of voters’ that it had witnessed. The final results of the concurrently held legislative elections indicated that ZANU—PF had secured 145 of the 210 seats in the National Assembly, while the MDCA took 63.

31 July 2018 Comoros

According to provisional results announced by the Commission Electorale Nationale Indépendante, a number of changes to the Constitution were approved in a national referendum by some 92.7% of the valid votes cast. Voter turn-out was estimated at 63.9%. Among the proposed amendments to the Constitution was the abolition of the requirement that the presidency rotates every five years between the three isands (Ngazidja, Nzwani and Mwali) which comprise the Union of the Comoros. Thus, the incumbent President, Col Assoumani Azali, would be eligible to stand for re-election. It was also proposed that Islam would be adopted as the state religion.

14 July 2018 Haiti

The Prime Minister, Jack Guy Lafontant, announced his resignation. Lafontant’s departure from office came after several days of violent protests across Haiti in response to the announcement, on 6 July, that fuel subsidies were to be reduced. The Government proposed that the rise in prices was necessary in order to reallocate funding for education and health, and that the measure was in line with a recommendation from the International Monetary Fund, with whom it wanted to reach a long term funding agreement. The rioting that followed the announcement left at least four people dead, and had led to calls for a vote of no confidence in Lafontant in the legislature.

11 July 2018 Czech Republic

A new, minority Government, led by Andrej Babiš, the leader of the populist party ANO (YES), received legislative approval after taking office in late June. The Government, which comprised members of both ANO and the Česká Strana Sociálně Demokratická (Czech Social Democratic Party), had been installed after a long period of political uncertainty following legislative elections in October 2017.

1 July 2018 Mexico

Andrés Manuel López Obrador was declared de facto President-elect following the preliminary results of the presidential election. López Obrador, representing the left-wing alliance Juntos Haremos Historia, comprising the Movimiento Regeneración Nacional, the Partido Encuentro Social and the Partido del Trabajo, won almost 53.0% of the votes, well ahead of his nearest rival, Ricardo Anaya Cortés of a coalition led by the Partido Acción Nacional. The candidate of the ruling Partido Revolucionario Institucional, former finance minister José Antonio Meade Kuribreña, won only 16.4% of the votes. López Obrador’s victory marked the first time that the presidency had been secured by a candidate not from one of the three traditional parties. The new head of state was scheduled to take office on 1 December.

24 June 2018 Turkey

Concurrent elections for the presidency and parliament took place. At the presidential election, Recep Tayyip Erdoğan was returmed to office at the first round of voting. According to final results published by the High Electoral Board on 4 July, Erdoğan secured 52.6% of the valid votes cast, while his nearest rival, Muharrem İnce of the opposition Republican People’s Party (CHP), took 30.6%. Selahattin Demirtaş, the imprisoned candidate of the pro-Kurdish People’s Democratic Party (HDP), won 8.4% and Meral Akşener, the leader of the newly formed İyi Party, received 7.3%. Two other candidates received less than 1.0% each. At the parliamentary elections, President Erdoğan’s Justice and Development Party (AKP) retained the largest representation, with 295 of the 600 seats in an expanded Grand National Assembly. The CHP won 146 seats, while the Nationalist Action Party (MHP—which contested the election in alliance with the AKP) took 49 seats. The HDP and the İyi Party also surpassed the 10% threshold to obtain representation, winning 67 seats and 43 seats, respectively. Turnout for both elections was recorded at 86.2%. Erdoğan was sworn in for a five-year term on 9 July, thus prompting the enactment of several constitutional reforms approved in 2017, including the abolition of the post of Prime Minister in favour of an executive presidency with extensive powers.

22 June 2018 Timor-Leste

President Francisco Guterres Lú Olo swore in the new Government with former President Taur Matan Ruak as Prime Minister. However, the Council of Ministers was not complete since President Guterres refused to swear in 11 ministers nominated by the Aliança para Mudança e Progresso (Alliance of Change for Progress), which had won the general election on 12 May 2018, on the grounds that they were subject to investigations relating to allegations of corruption. On 9 July Filomeno Paixão, who was originally prevented from taking up his portfolio, was inaugurated as Minister of Defence and subsequently Taur Matan Ruak announced that he had agreed to remove two ministers from the nominated list. Discussions between the President and the Prime Minister concerning the remaining portfolios were ongoing.

17 June 2018 Colombia

Iván Duque, of the centre-right Centro Democrático, emerged victorious from the second round of the presidential election, winning 54.0% of the valid votes cast. Gustavo Petro, the former guerrilla and ex-mayor of Bogotá, attracted 41.8% of the valid ballot. Petro, the first left-wing candidate to reach the second round of a presidential ballot in Colombia, conceded defeat following the poll, which Duque won with a record number of votes. Duque, a protégé of former President Alvaro Uribe, had pledged to revise the 2016 peace agreement with the Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia to prioritize victims’s rights over those of the former guerrillas, as well as to implement business-friendly policies to boost economic growth.

 


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