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Welcome to Europa World Plus

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Europa World Plus is the online version of the Europa World Year Book and the nine-volume Regional Surveys of the World series.

First published in 1926, the Europa World Year Book is renowned as one of the world's leading reference works, covering political and economic information in more than 250 countries and territories, from Afghanistan to Zimbabwe. The Europa Regional Surveys of the World offer in-depth, expert analysis at regional, sub-regional and country level.

Recent elections

San Marino, 8 December 2019
Dominica, 6 December 2019
Montserrat, 18 November 2019
Belarus, 12 and 17 November 2019
Romania, 10 and 24 November 2019
Spain, 10 November 2019
Mauritius, 7 November 2019
Argentina, 27 October 2019

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Click for detailThe Argentine Republic occupies almost the whole of South America south of the Tropic of Capricorn and east of the Andes. Throughout the 20th century government generally alternated between military and civilian rule. The so-called ‘dirty war’ between the military regime and its opponents in 1976–83 ... (MORE)

Recent Events

12 December 2019 United Kingdom

With one seat yet to declare, it was apparent that incumbent Prime Minister Boris Johnson’s Conservative Party had secured an overwhelming majority of seats in Parliament at an early election, winning 364 seats (an increase of 47 seats) in the 650-seat House of Commons with 43.6% of votes. The Labour Party suffered severe losses (of 59 seats) to secure 203 seats; its leader, Jeremy Corbyn, announced that he would not be leading the party at the next general election. Liberal Democrats leader Jo Swinson lost her seat, leaving the party with 11 members of Parliament; Swinson immediately resigned as party leader. The Scottish National Party, advocating a second referendum on independence for Scotland, made gains to win 48 of the 59 seats in Scotland. The Democratic Unionist Party in Northern Ireland lost two seats to hold eight seats, while Sinn Féin secured seven. A voter participation rate of 67.3% was recorded.

11 December 2019 Papua New Guinea

The Chair of the Bougainville Referendum Commission, Bertie Ahern, announced the results of a referendum held on 23 November–7 December in Bougainville on independence for the autonomous region from Papua New Guinea. The region voted overwhelmingly in favour of independence, which secured 98% of the votes (176,928), compared with 2% (3,043) for the alternative option of greater autonomy within PNG. The referendum had been promised by the PNG Government in 2001 as part of the Bougainville Peace Agreement ending a prolonged civil war, which had resulted in the deaths of 20,000 Bougainvilleans. The referendum was non-binding and the final decision regarding independence rests with the PNG Government; PNG Prime Minister James Marape announced that the next step would be a consultation process.

1 December 2019 Malta

Joseph Muscat, Prime Minister since March 2013, announced that he would be resigning as leader of the Labour Party and as premier in January 2020. The announcement followed the resignations of Muscat’s chief of staff, Keith Schembri, and Minister of Tourism, Konrad Mizzi, as investigations into the murder in October 2017 of Daphne Caruana Galizia—a journalist and blogger who had made allegations of high-level corruption in Malta—allegedly found links between the governing administration and those who had supposedly ordered the killing. Prominent Maltese businessman Yorgen Fenech (whose financial links with Schembri and Mizzi had been exposed in the so-called Panama Papers) was arrested in late November 2019 and charged with complicity in Caruana Galizia’s murder; he denied the charges. Three men were already awaiting trial for planting the car bomb that killed the journalist.

30 November 2019 Namibia

The Election Commission of Namibia announced the results of the presidential and legislative elections, which were held on 27 November. According to these, the ruling South West Africa People’s Organisation of Namibia secured 63 of the 96 seats in the National Assembly, while that party’s presidential candidate, the incumbent Dr Hage Geingob, won 56.2% of the votes cast in the presidential ballot. Geingob’s nearest challenger, the independent candidate Dr Panduleni Fillemon Bango Itula, received 29.4% and McHenry Venaani of the Popular Democratic Movement (PDM) took 5.3% of the votes. The PDM retained its position as the second largest party in the legislature, increasing its number of seats from five to 16, while a further nine political parties secured parliamentary representation.

30 November 2019 Uruguay

Following an unexpectedly close result, the electoral court confirmed the victory of Luis Lacalle Pou in the presidential second round vote of 24 November. Lacalle, of the centre-right Partido Nacional, secured 48.9% of the total votes cast, while his rival, Daniel Martínez, representing the incumbent left-wing Frente Amplio, garnered 47.6% of the vote. The close result in the run-off had necessitated a second count of the ballot, although Martínez conceded defeat on 28 November. The new President and his Council of Ministers were scheduled to be sworn into office on 1 March 2020.

24 November 2019 Hong Kong

At local elections pro-democracy parties won a majority in 17 of the 18 district councils, winning 385 of the 452 elective seats, according to preliminary unofficial results. The number of voters participating in the polls was almost double that in the 2015 elections at which pro-democracy campaigners had failed to win control of a single council. The elections were widely regarded as a de facto referendum on continuing anti-Government protests attended by hundreds of thousands of demonstrators, which had begun in June following the introduction of a controversial extradition bill in April. Opponents of the legislation claimed that it could result in the extradition of activists to mainland China. Although the bill was withdrawn in September, the demonstrations continued with an escalating level of violence, focusing on demands for universal suffrage, an independent inquiry into police brutality and an amnesty for protesters.

24 November 2019 Bolivia

Acting President Jeanine Añez promulgated legislation, approved the previous day by the legislature, that annulled the results of the 20 October elections and allowed for fresh elections to be held within 120 days. The law also called for a new Tribunal Supremo Electoral to be convened. The victory of incumbent head of state Evo Morales in the October ballot had prompted popular protests across the country, which intensified after the release of a report by the Organization of American States (OAS) that cited widespread irregularities in the electoral process. Morales has been forced to flee Bolivia, seeking asylum in Mexico, from where he claimed that a ‘coup’ had taken place. The legislation, the result of negotiations between the interim Government led by Añez and civil and indigenous organizations, prohibited Morales from participating in the rerun polls.

19 November 2019 Kuwait

The Amir, Sheikh Sabah al-Ahmad al-Jaber al-Sabah, appointed Sheikh Sabah Khaled al-Hamad al-Sabah as Prime Minister and instructed him to form a new cabinet. Sheikh Sabah, hitherto the Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs, replaced Sheikh Jaber Mubarak al-Hamad al-Sabah, who had served as premier since 2011. The new appointment followed the resignation of the Government on 14 November, after members of the National Assembly submitted motions of no confidence in a number of ministers, including the Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of the Interior, Lt-Gen. Sheikh Khaled al-Jarrah al-Sabah. The outgoing administration was expected to remain in office on an interim basis. However, on 18 November Sheikh Khaled al-Jarrah and the First Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Defence, Sheikh Nasser Sabah al-Ahmad al-Sabah (the Amir’s son), were dismissed amid a public disagreement between the two over allegations of financial impropriety at the defence ministry. (Sheikh Khaled al-Jarrah had been the Minister of Defence prior to Sheikh Nasser’s appointment in 2017.)


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