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Europa World Plus is the online version of the Europa World Year Book and the nine-volume Regional Surveys of the World series.

First published in 1926, the Europa World Year Book is renowned as one of the world's leading reference works, covering political and economic information in more than 250 countries and territories, from Afghanistan to Zimbabwe. The Europa Regional Surveys of the World offer in-depth, expert analysis at regional, sub-regional and country level.

Subscribers may download archival content from the Europa World Year Book.

Recent elections

Greece, 7 July 2019
Mauritania, 22 June 2019
Guatemala, 16 June 2019
Kazakhstan, 9 June 2019
Denmark, 5 June 2019
Madagascar, 27 May 2019
Belgium, 26 May 2019
Australia, 18 May 2019

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Click for detailThe Argentine Republic occupies almost the whole of South America south of the Tropic of Capricorn and east of the Andes. Throughout the 20th century government generally alternated between military and civilian rule. The so-called ‘dirty war’ between the military regime and its opponents in 1976–83 ... (MORE)

Recent Events

16 July 2019 Thailand

The new Government, led by the incumbent Prime Minister Gen. Prayuth Chan-ocha, was sworn into office, marking the country’s official return to democracy. The governing coalition, led by the Palang Pracharat Party, comprised 19 parties, including the Democrat Party, Bhum Jai Thai, Chart Pattana Party and Action Coalition for Thailand. The military junta that has ruled the country since a coup led by Gen. Prayuth on 22 May 2014, the National Council for Peace and Order, was disbanded. Among notable appointments, Gen. Prayuth took the defence portfolio, while Jurin Laksanavisit of the Democrat Party became Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Commerce and Anutin Charnveerakul of Bhum Jai Thai was sworn in as Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Public Health. Three members of the former military Government were also appointed as Deputy Prime Ministers.

17 July 2019 Sudan

The Transitional Military Council (TMC), which assumed power following the ouster of President Omar Hassan Ahmad al-Bashir in April, announced that it had reached agreement on the terms of a power-sharing political declaration with the opposition Forces for Freedom and Change (FFC). The Vice-Chairman of the TMC, Mohamed Hamdan Dagalo (also known as Hemedti), confirmed that a Sovereignty Council composed of 11 members (six civilians and five members of the military) would be installed to assume the governance of the country, with the TMC selecting the Chairman of the new body for the first 21 months, after which period the FFC would nominate a Chairman to serve for 18 months. Negotiations between the two sides had been ongoing for several months, amid widespread demonstrations and protests, and were brought to a conclusion following significant mediation from the African Union and the Ethiopian Government.

10 July 2019 Iraq

The Iraqi Kurdistan Parliament approved the nomination of the Kurdish Democratic Party (KDP)’s Masrour Barzani for Prime Minister and those of his proposed ministers. Qubad Talabani of the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK) retained the post of Deputy Prime Minister. Other notable appointees included Rebar Ahmad Khaled of the KDP, who became Minister of the Interior, and Awat Janab Nori Salh of the PUK, who was appointed as Minister of Finance and Economy. The KDP and the PUK had been engaged in protracted negotiations over a new powersharing agreement since elections to the regional legislature held on 30 September 2018. Meanwhile, as part of the new agreement between the parties, the KDP’s Nechirvan Barzani—the outgoing Prime Minister and a cousin of his successor—had assumed office as President of the Kurdish Autonomous Region on 10 June.

7 July 2019 Greece

Legislative elections took place, in which Nea Demokratia (ND—New Democracy) emerged as the leading party, securing a majority in the legislature, with 39.9% of the votes and 158 seats. The Government led by Alexis Tsipras of the Synaspismos Rizospastikis Aristeras (SYRIZA—Coalition of the Radical Left), which attracted 31.5% of the votes and won 86 seats, was therefore removed from power. Kinima Allagis (Movement for Change) was third-placed, with 8.1% of the votes and 22 seats, followed by the Kommunistiko Komma Elladas (KKE—Communist Party of Greece) with 5.3% of the votes and 10 seats. Tsipras had called an early election, following reduced support for SYRIZA in both regional and local elections, and the elections to the European Parliament in May. ND leader Kyriakos Mitsotakis was sworn in as Prime Minister on 8 July. He announced the composition of his new Government on the same day. Former President of the Council of State Panagiotis Pikrammenos was appointed as Deputy Prime Minister. Nikos Dendias was appointed Minister of Foreign Affairs, and Christos Staikouras became Minister of Finance. The Government was sworn in on 9 July.

23 June 2019 Mauritania

According to provisional results released by the Commission Electorale Nationale Indépendante, Maj.-Gen. Mohamed Ould Cheikh Mohamed Ahmed Ould El Ghazouani, who served as Minister of National Defence until his resignation in March 2019, was the declared victor of the presidential election held on 22 June, having secured 52.0% of the valid votes cast. His nearest rival among the five other candidates was Biram Ould Dah Ould Abeid, who took 18.6%, while Sidi Mohamed Ould Boubacar was placed third with 17.9%. The rate of voter participation was officially recorded at 62.7%.

16 June 2019 Guatemala

According to preliminary results from the Tribunal Supremo Electoral (TSE), after 99% of the votes had been counted, former first lady Sandra Torres was the frontrunner in the presidential election, although she lacked the more than 50% majority needed to avoid a second round ballot. Torres, of the opposition Unidad Nacional de la Esperanza, won 25.5% of the votes cast. Her nearest rival, Alejandro Giammattei, representing the VAMOS party, garnered 14.0% of the ballot. The candidate of the FCN-Nación, the party of incumbent head of state Jimmy Morales, attracted only 4.1% of the vote. Turnout was low, at 61%, reflecting the electorate’s disillusionment at the perceived widespread corruption in politics. On 1 July the TSE confirmed that Torres would face Giammattei in a run-off ballot on 11 August.

8 June 2019 Moldova

Parliament (Parlamentul) voted to appoint Maia Sandu, the leader of the liberal and pro-European Union Partidul Acţiune şi Solidaritate (Action and Solidarity Party), as Prime Minister. This followed prolonged negotiations on the formation of a new administration that had commenced after legislative elections held on 24 February, and came in response to a ruling by the Constitutional Court that new elections would be held were a new Government not formed by 9 June. Sandu was endorsed by an ideologically diverse coalition of the ACUM (NOW) bloc (of which her own party was a member) and the Partidul Socialiştilor din Republica Moldova (PSRM—Party of Socialists of the Republic of Moldova), although most of her nominated ministers were non-partisan technocrats; the leader of the PSRM, Zinaida Greceanîi, was to become Chairman of Parliament. However, a crisis ensued, as on 9 June the Constitutional Court ordered the dismissal of President Igor Dodon, appointing the outgoing premier, Pavel Filip of the Partidul Democrat din Moldova (Democratic Party of Moldova) as acting President, in which capacity Filip announced the dissolution of Parliament and the scheduling of new elections. Following large-scale protests in the capital city, Chişinău, on 14 June Filip resigned as acting President, and one day later the Constitutional Court announced the repeal of its decision on the dismissal of Dodon, thereby reaffirming his status as President and effectively acknowledging that of Sandu as Prime Minister.

5 June 2019 Denmark

At elections to the 179-member Folketing, the parties of the centre-left secured 91 seats, according to preliminary results, of which Socialdemokratiet (Social Democrats) won 48 to become the largest grouping in the legislature, while the centre-right bloc of incumbent Prime Minister Lars Løkke Rasmussen of Venstre secured a total of 75 seats. It was expected that the leader of Socialdemokratiet, Mette Frederiksen, would attempt to form a minority Government, which would rely on support from other parties on an ad hoc basis. The number of seats won by the right-wing, anti-immigration Dansk Folkeparti (Danish People’s Party) was reduced to 16 seats (from 37 at the 2015 elections).


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