Europa World: The Europa World Year Book online Routledge -- Taylor & Francis group



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Welcome to Europa World Plus

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Europa World Plus is the online version of the Europa World Year Book and the nine-volume Regional Surveys of the World series.

First published in 1926, the Europa World Year Book is renowned as one of the world's leading reference works, covering political and economic information in more than 250 countries and territories, from Afghanistan to Zimbabwe. The Europa Regional Surveys of the World offer in-depth, expert analysis at regional, sub-regional and country level.

Subscribers may download archival content from the Europa World Year Book.

Recent elections

Algeria, 4 May 2017
Bahamas, 10 May 2017
Republic of Korea, 9 May 2017
France, 23 April and 7 May 2017
Curaçao, 28 April 2017
The Gambia, 6 April 2017
Armenia, 2 April 2017
Bulgaria, 26 March 2017

Free Sample Country


Click for detailThe Argentine Republic occupies almost the whole of South America south of the Tropic of Capricorn and east of the Andes. Throughout the 20th century government generally alternated between military and civilian rule. The so-called ‘dirty war’ between the military regime and its opponents in 1976–83 ... (MORE)

Recent Events

10 May 2017 Bahamas

The Free National Movement, led by Hubert Minnis, decisively won the general election of 10 May, winning 35 of the 39 parliamentary seats. The incumbent Progressive Liberal Party (PLP), in power since 2012, retained only four seats. Outgoing Prime Minister and PLP leader Perry Christie conceded defeat immediately following the ballot. His party’s defeat was attributed to voter concerns about government corruption and poor economic performance. Minnis was sworn in as Prime Minister on 11 May.

09 May 2017 Republic of Korea

Moon Jae-In of the Minjoo Party won the presidential election with 41.1% of the votes cast; Hong Joon-Pyo of the Liberty Korea Party was his nearest rival with 24.0% and Ahn Cheol-Soo of the People’s Party was in third place with 21.4%. The election followed the impeachment in a corruption scandal of former President Park Geun-Hye. Moon, who had narrowly lost the 2012 presidential election to Park, was regarded as a liberal and, in contrast to his predecessor, favoured engagement with the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea. Moon was sworn in as President on 10 May.

07 May 2017 France

At the second round of the presidential election Emmanuel Macron of the recently established centrist movement En Marche! was elected President with 66.1% of the valid votes cast. Marine Le Pen of the far-right, Eurosceptic and anti-immigration Front National secured 33.9% of votes. At the first round held on 23 April, Macron had topped the poll, securing 24.0% of votes, while Le Pen took 21.3% of votes. Other first round candidates included François Fillon of Les Républicains, who garnered 20.0% of votes, Parti Socialiste candidate, Benoît Hamon, who secured just 6.4%, and left-wing candidate Jean-Luc Mélenchon of the new grouping La France Insoumise, who took 19.6% of votes. Macron was scheduled to take office on 14 May.

16 April 2017 Turkey

A package of 18 proposed amendments to the Constitution was approved at a national referendum. According to official results published on 27 April 2017, 51.4% of the valid votes cast were in favour of the amendments. Voter turnout was recorded at 85.4%. The amendments included, among others, the creation of an executive presidency, the abolition of the post of Prime Minister and the expansion of the legislature from 550 to 600 seats. Opponents of the reforms both within and outside of Turkey accused President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan of attempting to concentrate power in his own hands at the expense of democracy.

04 April 2017 Ecuador

According to official results, after 99.74% of the votes had been counted, Lenín Moreno of the governing left-wing Alianza País was the winner of the presidential run-off ballot held on 2 April. The Consejo Nacional Electoral declared that Moreno had garnered 51.16% of the valid votes cast, compared to 48.84% won by Guillermo Lasso of the centre-right Movimiento Creando Oportunidades/Movimiento Sociedad Unida Más Acción alliance. Lasso declared he would demand a recount of the results.

31 March 2017 Paraguay

During an extraordinary session of the Senate, in a closed office rather than in the chamber itself, 25 senators voted to allow presidential re-election. The move was seen as an attempt to allow President Horacio Cartes to run for a further term in office in 2018, despite the country’s Constitution prohibiting such a move. Those opposed to re-election claimed the vote amounted to a coup attempt. Protesters marched on Congress in response to the extraordinary session and during the ensuing clashes with police, the congressional building was set on fire and one person killed. Cartes condemned the violence and dismissed his interior minister, Tadeo Rojas, as well as the national chief of police and four police officers involved in the shooting. Further protests were expected following debate of the amendment in the lower house.

31 March 2017 South Africa

President Jacob Zuma announced a major reorganization of the Cabinet. Most notably, he dismissed Pravin Gordhan as Minister of Finance, appointing Malusi Gigaba (hitherto Minister of Home Affairs) to that position. The home affairs portfolio was assigned to Prof. Hlengiwe Mkhize, and a further eight ministers and 10 deputy ministers were replaced with the stated aim of the new administration being to effect ‘radical socio-economic transformation’. The Deputy President, Cyril Ramaphosa, described the removal of Gordhan as ‘totally unacceptable’, and several other senior figures within the ruling African National Congress party also publicly denounced the changes.

29 March 2017 United Kingdom

Prime Minister Theresa May began the process of Brexit by invoking Article 50 of the Treaty of Lisbon, which outlines the formal process for a country to withdraw from the European Union (EU). In a referendum held on 23 June 2016 some 51.9% of those who voted had favoured an exit from the Union, making the UK the first member state to decide to leave the organization. Under the terms of Article 50, the EU treaties would cease to apply to the UK either on successful completion of negotiations with the other 27 member states (operating as the European Council) or two years after notification of intention to leave the Union, unless the Council unanimously agreed to extend the deadline. The Government planned to introduce to Parliament a ‘Great Repeal Bill’, which would repeal the European Communities Act 1972—and thus stop EU legislation applying in the country—and would transfer current EU law into UK law. Meanwhile, on 28 March the Scottish Parliament voted (by 69 to 59) to request that a second referendum on Scotland’s independence be held before the finalization of Brexit.


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