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Welcome to Europa World Plus

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Europa World Plus is the online version of the Europa World Year Book and the nine-volume Regional Surveys of the World series.

First published in 1926, the Europa World Year Book is renowned as one of the world's leading reference works, covering political and economic information in more than 250 countries and territories, from Afghanistan to Zimbabwe. The Europa Regional Surveys of the World offer in-depth, expert analysis at regional, sub-regional and country level.

Subscribers may download archival content from the Europa World Year Book.

Recent elections

Austria, 29 September 2019
Ukraine, 21 July 2019
Japan, 21 July 2019
Greece, 7 July 2019
Mauritania, 22 June 2019
Guatemala, 16 June and 11 August 2019
Kazakhstan, 9 June 2019
Denmark, 5 June 2019

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Click for detailThe Argentine Republic occupies almost the whole of South America south of the Tropic of Capricorn and east of the Andes. Throughout the 20th century government generally alternated between military and civilian rule. The so-called ‘dirty war’ between the military regime and its opponents in 1976–83 ... (MORE)

Recent Events

29 September 2019 Austria

At early legislative elections, according to preliminary results, the Österreichische Volkspartei (ÖVP—Austrian People’s Party) won some 38.4% of votes (up from 31.5% at the October 2017 elections), while its erstwhile coalition partner, the right-wing Freiheitliche Partei Österreichs (FPÖ—Freedom Party of Austria), suffered losses, securing 17.3% of votes (down from 26.0%). The Sozialdemokratische Partei Österreichs (Social Democratic Party of Austria) won 21.5%, Die Grünen (Greens) 12.4% and Das Neue Österreich und Liberales Forum (The New Austria) 7.4%. The Government coalition had collapsed following a scandal involving Federal Vice-Chancellor and FPÖ leader Heinz-Christian Strache, who resigned in mid-May, shortly followed by the remaining FPÖ members of the Government. In late May Federal Chancellor Sebastian Kurz of the ÖVP had been removed from office following a vote of no confidence held in the Nationalrat (National Council), and President Alexander Van der Bellen had appointed Brigitte Bierlein, hitherto the President of the Constitutional Court, as interim Federal Chancellor to head a Government of technocrats prior to the elections.

27 September 2019 Tonga

Pohiva Tu‘i‘netoa, hitherto the Minister of Finance, was elected as Prime Minister, replacing ‘Akilisi Pohiva, who died in office on 12 September. Tu‘i‘netoa was elected with 15 votes in Parliament, compared with eight for the other candidate, Acting Prime Minister Semisi Sika. Tu‘i‘netoa had left Pohiva’s Democratic Party of the Friendly Islands, with three other members, and formed a new party, the People’s Party, winning the support of some former independent opposition members of Parliament and nobles.

24 September 2019 United Kingdom

The Supreme Court (the final court of appeal for the whole of the UK in civil cases, and for England, Wales and Northern Ireland in criminal cases) ruled that the prorogation (suspension) of Parliament by Prime Minister Boris Johnson was ‘unlawful, void and of no effect’. Parliament had ostensibly been prorogued from 10 September, and was to have remained so until the Queen’s Speech scheduled for 14 October. Although a normal practice before the outlining of policies by a new government, opponents claimed that in this case, such an unusually lengthy suspension was a move to prevent legislators from delaying a so-called ‘no-deal’ Brexit (the UK’s exit from the European Union—EU). Johnson, who had taken over as Prime Minister from Theresa May in July, had pledged that the UK would leave the EU on 31 October with or without an agreement in place. The Supreme Court, in a unanimous ruling, stated that the decision to prorogue Parliament was ‘unlawful because it had the effect of frustrating or preventing the ability of Parliament to carry out its constitutional functions without reasonable justification’, and that ‘Parliament has not been prorogued’. The Speaker of the House of Commons, John Bercow, immediately announced that parliamentary business would resume on the following day.

5 September 2019 Italy

A new Government was sworn in comprising the anti-establishment MoVimento 5 Stelle (M5S—Five Star Movement), the Partito Democratico—PD and independents, following the collapse of the previous coalition of the M5S, the far-right, anti-immigration Lega (League) and independents. Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte, an independent, had tendered the Government’s resignation in late August, blaming the political crisis on Lega leader and Deputy Prime Minister Matteo Salvini, who had announced the end of the coalition earlier that month and demanded a general election, in a move widely interpreted as an attempt to capitalize on the Lega’s growing popularity in opinion polls. Instead, the M5S and the PD agreed to form a Government under Conte, with former Deputy Prime Minister and M5S leader Luigi Di Maio as Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Co-operation. The new administration would need to be confirmed by both the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate.

2 September 2019 Bahamas

Hurricane Dorian, a category five Atlantic storm, caused devastation across the northern Bahamas. At its strongest, Dorian brought winds of up to 185 miles per hour, destroying buildings and infrastructure and causing extensive flooding on Great and Little Abaco and Grand Bahama. The United Nations estimated that some 70,000 people on the islands were in need of shelter and food following the storm. The number of those killed by the hurricane officially stood at 43, although it was expected to rise exponentially: Minister of Health Duane Sands stated that the final death toll would be ‘staggering’.

27 August 2019 Nauru

Lionel Aingimea, a former human rights lawyer, was elected President in a parliamentary vote, defeating the rival candidate David Adeang by 12 votes to six. After six years in office, former President Baron Waqa had lost his parliamentary seat at the general election on 24 August, in which 10 new members were elected to the 19-member legislature. Aingimea’s new Cabinet, all six members of which were newly elected members of Parliament, was sworn in on 28 August.

26 August 2019 G7

The 45th meeting of the G7 heads of state or government of major advanced economies—comprising Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the UK and the USA, with European Union representation—was held in Biarritz, France. Notably the 45th summit meeting did not release a joint communiqué (an unprecedented outcome). The summit agreed to establish a US $20m. fund to combat ongoing devastating Amazon rainforest fires; this initiative was, however, refused by the Brazilian administration (which suggested that the funds should be spent on reforesting Europe). The G7 leaders also considered, inter alia, the escalating trade tensions between the USA and China, the repatriation of foreign Islamic State fighters captured by US-backed forces in Syria and Iraq, and (without participation by Pres. Trump) the global climate and biodiversity crisis. During the summit meeting Trump reportedly advocated for Russia’s return to the Group.

21 August 2019 Nigeria

President Maj.-Gen. (retd) Muhammadu Buhari announced the formation of a new, 44-member Federal Cabinet. Buhari retained responsibility for the strategically significant petroleum portfolio, and appointed seven women to ministerial positions, including Zainab Ahmed as Minister of Finance, Budget and National Planning. Geoffery Onyeama retained his post as Minister of Foreign Affairs, while Rauf Aregbesola succeeded Abdulrahman Dambazau as Minister of Interior.


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