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Welcome to Europa World Plus

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Europa World Plus is the online version of the Europa World Year Book and the nine-volume Regional Surveys of the World series.

First published in 1926, the Europa World Year Book is renowned as one of the world's leading reference works, covering political and economic information in more than 250 countries and territories, from Afghanistan to Zimbabwe. The Europa Regional Surveys of the World offer in-depth, expert analysis at regional, sub-regional and country level.

Subscribers may download archival content from the Europa World Year Book.

Recent elections

Sri Lanka, 17 August 2015
Burundi (presidential), 21 July 2015
Burundi (legislative), 29 June 2015
Denmark, 18 June 2015
British Virgin Islands, 8 June 2015
Turkey, 7 June 2015
Mexico, 7 June 2015
Suriname, 25 May 2015

Free Sample Country

Argentina

Click for detailThe Argentine Republic occupies almost the whole of South America south of the Tropic of Capricorn and east of the Andes. Throughout the 20th century government generally alternated between military and civilian rule. The so-called ‘dirty war’ between the military regime and its opponents in 1976–83 ... (MORE)

Recent Events

25 August 2015 Turkey

The High Electoral Board formally announced that early legislative elections would take place on 1 November. This development followed the failure of talks between the Justice and Development Party (AKP) and the three opposition parties over a coalition government, as prompted by the outcome of the parliamentary elections held on 7 June 2015. (The AKP had secured only 258 seats in the 550-seat Grand National Assembly.) The AKP Chairman and outgoing Prime Minister, Prof. Dr Ahmet Davutoğlu, had been formally appointed to lead coalition talks by President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan on 9 July. However, Davutoğlu was neither able to reach an agreement with another party, nor to form a minority AKP administration within the 45-day period mandated by the Constitution. On 25 August he was instructed by the President to form an interim government to oversee the upcoming elections.

23 August 2015 Guatemala

Several members of the Government of President Otto Pérez Molina resigned from office in protest at the President’s alleged involvement in a corruption scheme at the country’s tax agency. The ministers of the economy, of education, of health and of agriculture, as well as several deputy ministers and other high-ranking government officials, stepped down from office following the announcement by the Office of the Attorney-General and the independent International Commission against Impunity in Guatemala that close links had been uncovered between Pérez Molina and his former Vice-President Roxana Baldetti in relation to the fraud. Baldetti had resigned from office in May following corruption allegations against her. The Attorney-General began impeachment proceedings against the President, who protested his innocence. Nevertheless, on the following day the Ministers of Public Finance and of Communications, Infrastructure, Transport and Housing also resigned their posts.

21 August 2015 Haiti

The Conseil Electoral Provisoire (CEP) published official preliminary results of the first round of long-overdue legislative elections on 9 August. Of the 118 seats contested in the newly expanded Chamber of Deputies, all but five were to go to a second round of voting on 25 October. There were no conclusive results in elections to two-thirds of the Senate, and run-off ballots were to be held for all 20 seats. The CEP also announced that votes in 25 constituencies were to be rerun completely following evidence of widespread irregularities. Turnout was low, at just 18%.

20 August 2015 Thailand

King Bhumibol Adulyadej endorsed the new Council of Ministers, following an extensive reorganization by Gen. Prayuth Chan-ocha, the Prime Minister and Chief of the ruling junta (the National Council for Peace and Order —NCPO), aimed at reinvigorating the country’s flagging economy. Most notably, the economic adviser to the NCPO Somkid Jatusrepitak was appointed Deputy Prime Minister in charge of economic affairs, replacing the former governor of the Central Bank Pridiyathorn Devakula, while the Minister of Finance was replaced by the former President of the Krung Thai Bank Apisak Tantivorawong. A bomb attack at a shrine in Bangkok on 17 August, in which 20 people were killed, was expected to have an adverse effect on tourist arrivals.

20 August 2015 Greece

Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras, the leader of the far-left Synaspismos Rizospastikis Aristeras (SYRIZA—Coalition of the Radical Left) alliance submitted the resignation of his Government, to permit President Karolos Papoulias to call a pre-term legislative election. Tsipras made this decision following the agreement with the EU of new austerity measures, including major pensions reforms, after it had become apparent that significant elements within his own party opposed the terms of the agreement.

20 August 2015 Burundi

Pierre Nkurunziza was sworn in for a third presidential term of office, having been confirmed, on 5 August by the Commission Electorale Nationale Indépendante, as the victor of the presidential election which took place on 21 July. The poll had been held despite a deteriorating security situation in the country—at least 100 deaths had been reported since April—and the opposition parties’ insistence that the elections were not legitimiate. (Nkurunziza had announced his intention, in late April, to stand for a third term, disregarding the constitutional stipulation that a president can only serve two terms. The country's Constitutional Court had nevertheless approved Nkurunziza’s candidature, ruling that he was eligible to contest the ballot as he had been elected for his first term by the members of the National Assembly, rather than by popular vote.) A number of regional and international bodies had stated that the conditions for credible and free elections had not been met, and upon the announcement of the results election observers from the United Nations mission also maintained that the poll had not been ‘inclusive, free and credible’. Immediately following his swearing in, Nkurunziza appointed Gaston Sindimwo and Dr Joseph Butore as First and Second Vice-President, respectively, and on 24 August announced the composition of a new Government. Most notably Pascal Barandagiye was appointed Minister of the Interior and Patriotic Education, while Alain Guillaume Bunyoni was appointed Minister of Public Security.

17 August 2015 Sri Lanka

A general election was held, at which the United National Party (UNP) emerged as the largest party, winning 106 seats out of a total of 225 in the Parliament; the United People’s Freedom Alliance (UPFA) came second with 95 seats. The Ilankai Tamil Arasu Katchi, representing the Tamil National Alliance, won 16 seats, the Janatha Vimukthi Peramuna secured 6 seats, and the Eelam People’s Democratic Party and the Sri Lanka Muslim Congress each gained a single seat. Turnout was estimated at 77.6% of the registered voters. With the support of members of President Maithripala Sirisena’s faction of the Sri Lanka Freedom Party (SLFP—a constituent of the UPFA), Ranil Wickremesinghe of the UNP was sworn in once again as Prime Minister on 21 August. Wickremesinghe immediately oversaw the signing of an agreement between the UNP and the SLFP, valid for two years, which set the terms for a broad-based national coalition Government. However, members of former President Mahinda Rajapaksa’s faction of the SLFP were expected to remain in opposition to the Government.

16 August 2015 Brazil

Hundreds of thousands of people attended demonstrations in major cities across the country to demand the impeachment of President Dilma Rousseff. Rousseff’s popularity had fallen drastically since taking office for a second term in January 2015 as more allegations of corruption in the state-run oil company, Petróleo Brasileiro (Petrobras), emerged. Rousseff was not accused of direct involvement in the scandal, although she served as head of Petrobras as seven years. However, many members of her ruling Partido dos Trabalhadores were accused of accepting bribes from Petrobras executives. As well as the perceived widespread corruption in government, many people were also protesting against the deteriorating economy.

12 August 2015 Suriname

President Desi Bouterse was sworn in for a second term in office. He was elected to the post unopposed by the National Assembly after his party, the Nationale Democratische Partij (NDP, National Democratic Party), secured a narrow majority in a general election on 25 May 2015. In his inauguration speech Bouterse pledged to diversify the country’s economy and make it less reliant on exports of bauxite, gold and petroleum exports. He announced the formation of a new Cabinet of Ministers on the same day, composed mainly of NDP members.

6 August 2015 Mongolia

In an irregular plenary session, parliamentary members voted in favour of a draft resolution introduced by the Prime Minister Chimed Saikhanbileg of the Democratic Party (DP) to discharge six ministers of the Mongolian People’s Party (MPP) from the Cabinet. The collapse of the governing coalition, which had included all the principal parties in the legislative body, the Great Khural, marked the end of a period of co-operation begun in December 2014 to address the country’s economic challenges collectively. The removal of the ministers was not supported by President Tsakhia Elbegdorj, also of the DP, who was concerned that it would lead to renewed political instability.

 


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