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Welcome to Europa World Plus

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Europa World Plus is the online version of the Europa World Year Book and the nine-volume Regional Surveys of the World series.

First published in 1926, the Europa World Year Book is renowned as one of the world's leading reference works, covering political and economic information in more than 250 countries and territories, from Afghanistan to Zimbabwe. The Europa Regional Surveys of the World offer in-depth, expert analysis at regional, sub-regional and country level.

Subscribers may now download archival content from the Europa World Year Book.

Recent elections

Slovenia, 13 July 2014
Indonesia, 9 July 2014
Mauritania, 21 June 2014
Afghanistan, 14 June 2014
Antigua and Barbuda, 12 June 2014
Kosovo, 8 June 2014
Syria, 3 June 2014
Egypt, 26 to 28 May 2014

Free Sample Country


Click for detailThe Argentine Republic occupies almost the whole of South America south of the Tropic of Capricorn and east of the Andes. Throughout the 20th century government generally alternated between military and civilian rule. The so-called ‘dirty war’ between the military regime and its opponents in 1976–83 ... (MORE)

Recent Events

11 August Iraq

President Fouad Masoum nominated the First Deputy Speaker of the Council of Representatives, Haider al-Abadi, as Prime Minister. Under the terms of the Constitution, al-Abadi was expected to form a new government within 30 days of his nomination. Al-Abadi is a Shi‘a Muslim and a member of the State of Law alliance, which secured the largest number of seats at the general election of 30 April. The incumbent premier, Nuri al-Maliki, also a member of the State of Law alliance, initially insisted that al-Abadi’s nomination was unconstitutional and that he himself was the sole legitimate candidate for the role of Prime Minister. However, on 14 August al-Maliki declared his support for al-Abadi in a televised address.

11 August Turkey

The High Electoral Board published preliminary results of Turkey’s first direct presidential election. (The President had previously been elected by the members of the legislature.) The incumbent Prime Minister, Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, was deemed to have been elected outright, having won 51.8% of the valid votes cast. The two other candidates, Ekmeleddin İhsanoğlu and Selahattin Demirtaş, took 38.4% and 9.8% of the vote, respectively. Voter turnout was recorded at 74.1%. Pending confirmation of the election result, Erdoğan was expected to take office on 28 August.

7 August Colombia

President Juan Manuel Santos was inaugurated for a second four-year term in office after winning the presidential election in May and June. His new Cabinet, announced four days later, retained the Ministers of Finance and Public Credit, National Defence, Foreign Affairs, Health and Social Protection, Culture and Housing. The former Senate President, Juan Fernando Cristo, was appointed Minister of the Interior, while his predecessor, Aurelio Iragorri, took over the agriculture portfolio. Cecilia Alvarez-Correa moved from the Ministry of Transport to that of Trade, Industry and Tourism. Santos stated that the main aims of his new Government would be ‘peace, fairness  and education’.

7 August Thailand

The inaugural session took place of the 197-member interim National Legislative Assembly (NLA), which had been appointed by the ruling junta, the National Council for Peace and Order (NCPO). Provision for the NLA was included in the new interim Constitution enacted by the NCPO on 22 July and endorsed by the King on the same day. More than one-half of the NLA comprised members of the security forces while the remainder included academics, businessmen and politicians who had opposed the former Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra. On 8 August, in a unanimous vote, former Supreme Court judge Pornpetch Wichitcholchai was elected as the President of the NLA. The NLA was widely expected to nominate a new acting prime minister in September. Following the subsequent appointment of an interim cabinet, the NCPO was to assume the role of the main government advisory body. On 13 August the NCPO appointed special committees throughout the country to select members of the new 250-member National Reform Council, which was to assist in the drafting of a new constitution, following its scheduled formation in early October.

6 August Bulgaria

An interim ‘technocratic’ Government, comprising non-partisan members, and led by Prof. Georgi Bliznashki, assumed office, following the resignation of the administration led by Plamen Oresharski on 23 July, as confirmed one day later by a parliamentary vote of no confidence. The new Government was to remain in office pending the holding of pre-term elections to the National Assembly (Narodno Sobranie), which were scheduled for 5 October.

22 July Israel/Palestinian Territories

The UN Human Rights Council adopted, by 29 votes to one, a resolution calling for an official, independent investigation into allegations that Israel had violated international humanitarian and human rights laws during its recent military operations in the Gaza Strip. At least 710 Palestinians and 30 Israelis were reported to have been killed since Israel began a campaign of airstrikes against Palestinian militant organizations in Gaza on 7 July, in response to the firing of missiles into Israeli territory by Palestinian militant organizations, principally including the Islamic Resistance Movement (Hamas). The outcome of the vote was criticized by Israel’s Prime Minister, Binyamin Netanyahu, as ‘a travesty of justice’, while the USA (which had opposed the resolution) also condemned the decision. The vote followed an escalation of the conflict on 17 July, when Israeli armed forces commenced a military incursion into the Gaza Strip, with the stated aims of preventing missiles from being fired, and of destroying tunnels used by militant groups to transport weapons illegally into and out of Gaza.

22 July Indonesia

The election commission declared Joko Widodo, the reformist former Governor of Jakarta, the winner of the closely contested presidential election of 9 July, defeating the only other contender, the former general Prabowo Subianto by 53.2% to 46.9% of the votes cast. Following an acrimonious campaign, in which Widodo’s early substantial poll lead had been eroded by Subianto’s well-funded and highly organized campaign, both candidates had initially declared victory. Shortly before the official release of the election results, Subianto announced his intention to challenge them on the grounds of fraud, although analysts considered the elections to have been conducted fairly. Widodo’s record in government and his position as the first leader from outside the establishment to be elected to the presidency have raised expectations that he will be prepared to implement much-needed economic reforms. He will take office in October.

7 July Afghanistan

The Independent Election Commission of Afghanistan released preliminary results of the presidential election run-off poll that was held on 14 June. Ashraf Ghani Ahmadzai (a former Minister of Finance and World Bank official) was allocated 56.4% of the valid votes cast, while his opponent, Dr Abdullah Abdullah (leader of the National Coalition of Afghanistan), gained 43.6%. However, Dr Abdullah rejected the preliminary results outright, alleging that widespread electoral fraud had taken place—a stance that provoked serious concerns about the prospects for a peaceful transfer of presidential power. The run-off poll followed an election on 5 April in which no candidate had secured the required 50% or more of the vote. Following negotiations in Kabul led by US Secretary of State John Kerry, on 12 July both candidates approved a comprehensive, UN-monitored vote recount and pledged to participate in a government of national unity following the release of the final results.


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