Europa World: The Europa World Year Book online Routledge -- Taylor & Francis group



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Welcome to Europa World Plus

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Europa World Plus is the online version of the Europa World Year Book and the nine-volume Regional Surveys of the World series.

First published in 1926, the Europa World Year Book is renowned as one of the world's leading reference works, covering political and economic information in more than 250 countries and territories, from Afghanistan to Zimbabwe. The Europa Regional Surveys of the World offer in-depth, expert analysis at regional, sub-regional and country level.

Subscribers may download archival content from the Europa World Year Book.

Recent elections

The Gambia, 1 December 2016
Haiti, 20 November 2016
San Marino, 20 November and 4 December 2016
Puerto Rico, 8 November 2016
United States of America (presidential), 8 November 2016
United States of America (legislative), 8 November 2016
US Virgin Islands, 8 November 2016
Bulgaria, 6 and 13 November 2016
Nicaragua, 6 November 2016

Free Sample Country


Click for detailThe Argentine Republic occupies almost the whole of South America south of the Tropic of Capricorn and east of the Andes. Throughout the 20th century government generally alternated between military and civilian rule. The so-called ‘dirty war’ between the military regime and its opponents in 1976–83 ... (MORE)

Recent Events

09 December 2016 Republic of Korea

A motion to impeach President Park Geun-Hye was passed by 234 to 56 votes in the National Assembly. President Park has been suspended and presidential authority now resides with the Prime Minister Hwang Kyo-Ahn. The vote in favour of impeachment took place against a background of a series of large, popular demonstrations demanding the resignation of President Park. The scandal erupted over President Park’s relationship with a confidante, Choi Soon-Sil. Choi was arrested on charges of coercion and abuse of power, following accusations that she exploited her friendship with President Park to influence policy and to pressure large conglomerates to donate to two foundations that she controlled. Prosecutors accused Park of colluding with Choi; she denies any involvement in the alleged corruption, but has apologized for allowing Choi inappropriate access to government business. The case is now before the Constitutional Court, which has to rule within 180 days.

6 December 2016 France

Prime Minister Manuel Valls announced his resignation from office in order to concentrate on his bid to secure the Socialist Party candidacy for the French presidency, and was replaced as premier by Minister of the Interior Bernard Cazeneuve. Presidential elections were scheduled to take place in April 2017, with a run-off in May should no candidate achieve an outright majority. Incumbent President François Hollande, who continued, according to opinion polls, to be deeply unpopular with the French public, had previously unexpectedly reversed his decision to run for presidential office a second time.

5 December 2016 The Gambia

The Independent Electoral Commission released the final results of the presidential election held on 1 December. According to these, Adama Barrow (representing an opposition coalition of seven parties, and who had never previously held public office) was confirmed as the victor, having secured 43.3% of the votes cast, defeating the incumbent Alhaji Yahya Jammeh Babili Mansa, who had assumed the presidency in 1994. Jammeh, who received 39.6% of the votes, publicly congratulated Barrow, who was expected to be sworn in as President in mid-January 2017.

5 December 2016 Italy

Matteo Renzi, Prime Minister since February 2014, announced his resignation following the defeat of Government constitutional reform plans in a referendum held on 4 December, at which 59.1% of voters rejected reforms that included major changes to the Senate. The proposals were widely opposed by the populist, anti-establishment Five Star Movement, the populist, anti-immigration Northern League, and other parties. The referendum was, moreover, perceived as a vote on Renzi’s premiership, with continuing public dissatisfaction at the Government’s handling of the Italian economy, a worsening crisis in the Italian banking sector and the continuing migration crisis cited as contributing to the ‘no’ vote. President Sergio Mattarella asked Renzi to remain in office until the parliamentary approval of the 2017 budget.

5 December 2016 New Zealand

John Key announced his resignation as Prime Minister and leader of the National Party, citing personal reasons; he had held the premiership since 2008 and had served as party leader for 10 years. His resignation was to be effective from 12 December 2016, when a caucus of the National Party was to meet to select a new party leader and thus Prime Minister. Key signalled his intention to step down as a member of Parliament before the next election.

4 December 2016 Austria

Alexander Van der Bellen, who ran as an independent candidate, secured the Austrian presidency with 53.8% of votes, according to preliminary figures, at the rerun of the second round of the election. The Constitutional Court had in July 2016 unprecedentedly annulled the result of the run-off, which Van der Bellen had narrowly won in May against Norbert Hofer of the right-wing, anti-immigration Freedom Party of Austria (FPÖ), following formal complaints by the FPÖ of irregularities in the counting of postal votes (which had been the deciding factor in the election) in a number of constituencies. Originally scheduled for 2 October, the rerun was postponed after a problem with the seals on postal ballots was discovered. At the end of President Heinz Fischer’s term of office in July, the three Presidents of the National Council, including Hofer, assumed the duties of the presidency on an interim basis. Van der Bellen was scheduled to take office on 26 January 2017.

4 December 2016 Uzbekistan

Shavkat Mirziyoyev, who had been appointed Acting President by the legislative Supreme Council on 8 September, was elected to the post, receiving a reported 88.6% of the votes cast in an election contested by four candidates. The election had been called following the death of Islam Karimov, who had led the country since before the disintegration of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics in 1991. Mirziyoyev had been considered a close ally of Karimov, and had served as his Prime Minister since 2003.

1 December 2016 Thailand

The Crown Prince ascended to the throne as King Maha Vajiralongkorn Bodindradebayavarangkun, following an invitation from Parliament formalizing his accession. As the 10th King in the Chakri dynasty he was also to be known as Rama X. The Prime Minister, Gen. Prayuth Chan-ocha, announced that, in accordance with the tradition that the throne should not be left vacant, the new King’s reign would be considered to have started on 13 October, the day his father King Bhumibol Adulyadej died. His accession to the throne had been delayed by the Prime Minister to allow the Crown Prince time to mourn. The coronation was not expected to take place until after the royal cremation of King Bhumibol in 2017.


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