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Welcome to Europa World Plus

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Europa World Plus is the online version of the Europa World Year Book and the nine-volume Regional Surveys of the World series.

First published in 1926, the Europa World Year Book is renowned as one of the world's leading reference works, covering political and economic information in more than 250 countries and territories, from Afghanistan to Zimbabwe. The Europa Regional Surveys of the World offer in-depth, expert analysis at regional, sub-regional and country level.

Subscribers may download archival content from the Europa World Year Book.

Recent elections

Burundi, 29 June 2015
Denmark, 18 June 2015
British Virgin Islands, 8 June 2015
Turkey, 7 June 2015
Mexico, 7 June 2015
Suriname, 25 May 2015
Ethiopia, 24 May 2015
Poland, 10 and 24 May 2015

Free Sample Country


Click for detailThe Argentine Republic occupies almost the whole of South America south of the Tropic of Capricorn and east of the Andes. Throughout the 20th century government generally alternated between military and civilian rule. The so-called ‘dirty war’ between the military regime and its opponents in 1976–83 ... (MORE)

Recent Events

15 July 2015 Greece

Amid reports that the IMF considered conditions imposed by the European Union (EU) for additional lending unfeasible for Greece, owing to the country’s unsustainable level of public debt, and with violent anti-austerity protests taking place in the Greek capital and divisions within the principal governing party, the far-left Synapismos Rizospastikis Aristeras (SYRIZA—Coalition of the Radical Left), Greek parliamentarians voted to approve a provisional EU agreement on new lending, with 229 voting in favour and 64 against. The agreement also required approval by the legislatures of several EU member states. Notwithstanding the results of a national referendum held on 5 July, in which participants voted to reject the implementation of conditions demanded by the ‘troika’ of the European Commission, the IMF and the European Central Bank for the restructuring of Greece’s international debt, on 8 July Greece had made a formal request for additional lending under the EU’s European Stability Mechanism. On 12 July a euro summit, principally comprising heads of state and of government of the 19 eurozone countries and the President of the European Commission, agreed to a programme of new lending, subject to the implementation of additional austerity measures, including tax rises, pensions reform and privatizations.

14 July 2015 Iran

Following talks in Vienna, Austria, the ministers responsible for foreign affairs of Iran and the P5+1 countries (comprising the USA, Russia, China, France, the United Kingdom and Germany) signed a Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action over Iran’s pursuit of a nuclear programme. Iran affirmed that it would not seek to develop or to acquire nuclear weapons and agreed to a set of measures restricting its nuclear programme in exchange for the relief of international economic sanctions. The P5+1 countries were to submit a resolution endorsing the plan to the United Nations Security Council for approval. International sanctions would then be withdrawn once Iran’s compliance had been verified by the IAEA. In the event that Iran was deemed to have violated the agreement, sanctions would come back into effect for a period of 10 years. A UN embargo on the export of arms to Iran was to remain in place for up to five years.

28 June 2015 Denmark

The leader of Venstre (Liberals), Lars Løkke Rasmussen, was sworn in as Prime Minister at the head of a minority Government comprising ministers from Venstre. Venstre had secured just 34 seats in the 179-seat Folketing and 19.5% of votes at a general election held on 18 June. Following the election, the leader of the centre-left Socialdemokraterne (Social Democrats, the main party of the outgoing coalition), Helle Thorning-Schmidt, resigned as Prime Minister and as leader of the party, despite the Social Democrat share of the vote having increased and its becoming the largest single party in the legislature, with 47 seats. The populist, Eurosceptic and anti-immigration Dansk Folkeparti (Danish People’s Party) increased its share of the vote to take second place with 37 seats and some 21.1% of votes, ahead of Venstre.

18 June 2015 Republic of Korea

The former Minister of Justice, Hwang Kyo-Ahn, was confirmed as Prime Minister by the National Assembly by 156 votes to 120. The previous premier, Lee Wan-Koo, resigned in April amid allegations of bribery. The opposition opposed Hwang’s confirmation, citing accusations that he had avoided military service and peddled influence, but agreed to the parliamentary vote following a pledge by the ruling Saenuri Party to reform the parliamentary confirmation system and an apology from Hwang regarding the allegations. The new Prime Minister pledged to eradicate an outbreak of the acute virus Middle Eastern Respiratory Syndrome (MERS), which had killed tens of South Koreans since the first case on 20 May.

11 June 2015 Vanuatu

The Prime Minister, Joe Natunan, and his Vanua’aku Pati-led Government were removed in a parliamentary vote of no confidence, in which three government members of Parliament voted with the opposition. On the same day Sato Kilman of the People’s Progressive Party, who had been dismissed as the Minister for Foreign Affairs by Natunan the previous week, was elected to his third term as Prime Minister, defeating Ham Lini of the National United Party by 28 votes to 22. This was the ninth change of Prime Minister in Vanuatu in five years.

7 June 2015 Mexico

Elections to renew all 500 seats in the Federal Chamber of Deputies were held. According to preliminary results from the Instituto Nacional Electoral, the ruling Partido Revolucionario Institucional (PRI) succeeded in retaining its status as the largest party in parliament, albeit with a reduced majority of 203 seats (down from 214 seats). However, with backing from its allies, the Partido Verde Ecologista de México and the Nueva Alianza, the PRI could count on the support of a total of 260 deputies. The opposition Partido Acción Nacional secured 108 seats, six fewer than in 2012, while the left-wing Partido de la Revolución Democrática’s representation fell to just 56 seats (from 99 seats), although the new leftist party, Movimiento Regeneración Nacional or Morena, won 35 seats.

7 June 2015 Turkey

Elections to the 550-seat Grand National Assembly (TGNA) were held. According to final results published by the High Electoral Board on 18 June, the ruling Justice and Development Party (AKP) remained the largest party with 258 seats. However, its share of the valid votes cast declined to 18.9m. (40.9%), compared with 21.4m. (49.8%) at the general election of 2011. The Republican People’s Party (CHP) received 11.5m. votes (25.0%) and 132 seats, while the Nationalist Action Party (MHP) took 7.5m. votes (16.3%) and 80 seats. The People’s Democratic Party (HDP), a predominantly Kurdish left-wing party, achieved representation for the first time as an organization, securing 6.1m. votes (13.1%) and 80 seats. (HDP-affiliated candidates had been present in the outgoing parliament as independents.) No other party surpassed the 10% threshold to enter the legislature. Meanwhile, on 9 June the Prime Minister, Prof. Dr Ahmet Davutoğlu, submitted the resignation of his Council of Ministers to President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan. One month later Davutoğlu was formally appointed to lead negotiations over the formation of a coalition government.

29 May 2015 Finland

A new coalition Government comprising three parties, the Finnish Centre Party, the Finns Party and the National Coalition Party (NCP), took office, with Juha Sipilä of the Centre Party as Prime Minister. Of the 14 ministerial posts, six were allocated to the Centre Party, while the Finns Party and the NCP were each allocated four. Notable appointments included Timo Soini of the Eurosceptic, populist Finns Party as Minister for Foreign Affairs, and former Prime Minister Alexander Stubb as Minister of Finance.


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