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Welcome to Europa World Plus

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Europa World Plus is the online version of the Europa World Year Book and the nine-volume Regional Surveys of the World series.

First published in 1926, the Europa World Year Book is renowned as one of the world's leading reference works, covering political and economic information in more than 250 countries and territories, from Afghanistan to Zimbabwe. The Europa Regional Surveys of the World offer in-depth, expert analysis at regional, sub-regional and country level.

Subscribers may now download archival content from the Europa World Year Book.

Recent elections

Turkey, 10 August 2014
Slovenia, 13 July 2014
Indonesia, 9 July 2014
Mauritania, 21 June 2014
Afghanistan, 14 June 2014
Antigua and Barbuda, 12 June 2014
Kosovo, 8 June 2014
Syria, 3 June 2014

Free Sample Country

Argentina

Click for detailThe Argentine Republic occupies almost the whole of South America south of the Tropic of Capricorn and east of the Andes. Throughout the 20th century government generally alternated between military and civilian rule. The so-called ‘dirty war’ between the military regime and its opponents in 1976–83 ... (MORE)

Recent Events

18 September United Kingdom

At a referendum held in Scotland on whether Scotland should become an independent country, separation from the United Kingdom was rejected by 55.3% of votes to 44.7%. The voting age was lowered, for the first time in the United Kingdom, to 16 years. Turnout, at 84.6%, was exceptionally high. The British Prime Minister, David Cameron, announced that commitments made during the campaign by the three principal unionist parties in the United Kingdom Parliament to devolve more powers to the Scottish Parliament would be honoured; draft legislation was due to be published in January 2015.

14 September Sweden

At a general election the Swedish Social Democratic Party (SAP) won 113 seats in the Riksdag, according to preliminary results, thus bringing the total of seats secured by parties of the left to 158. The parties of the governing centre-right Alliance coalition took 142 seats. Notably, the far-right, anti-immigration Sweden Democrats (which had secured 5.7% of votes at the 2010 election) won 12.9% of the votes cast to become the third largest party in the Riksdag with 49 seats. The Prime Minister, Fredrik Reinfeldt, resigned as premier and as leader of the Moderate Party the following day. Stefan Löfven, leader of the SAP, was expected to form a government.

11 September Montserrat

The recently formed People’s Democratic Movement (PDM), led by Donaldson Romeo, emerged victorious from the general election, winning 50.1% of the valid votes cast and seven of the nine seats in the Legislative Assembly. The ruling Movement for Change and Prosperity (MCAP) secured 35.3% of the valid ballot and the remaining two legislative seats. Outgoing Premier and MCAP leader Reuben Meade congratulated the PDM on its ‘clear election victory’. Romeo was sworn in as the new head of government on the following day.

9 September Poland

The Prime Minister and Chairman of Platforma Obywatelska (PO—Civic Platform), Donald Tusk, announced his resignation, owing to his appointment as President of the European Council with effect from December 2014. As stipulated by the Constitution, Tusk’s resignation prompted that of the entire cabinet. A new Government was expected to be formed under Ewa Kopacz of PO, subject to approval by the legislature. Kopacz had hitherto held the role of Marshal of the Sejm, the lower house of the Polish legislature.

8 September Iraq

A new Council of Ministers took office, having being approved by the Council of Representatives. Haidar al-Abadi, of the predominantly Shi‘a Muslim State of Law alliance, was confirmed as Prime Minister, while Hoshyar al-Zibari (a Kurd), Salih al-Mutlaq (a Sunni Muslim) and Baha Arraji (also Shi‘a) were each appointed as deputy premiers. Among the most notable ministerial appointments were those of Ibrahim al-Ja‘fari (the Prime Minister in 2005–06) as Minister of Foreign Affairs, Rozh Nuri Shaways as Minister of Finance, and Adil Abd al-Mahdi as Minister of Oil. The defence and interior portfolios remained unallocated; al-Abadi was to retain responsibility for both pending the appointment of permanent ministers. Meanwhile, three Vice-Presidents were also selected: Nuri al-Maliki, who had served as Prime Minister in 2006–14, Ayad Allawi, the interim Prime Minister in 2004–05, and Osama al-Nujayfi, a former parliamentary speaker.

30 August Lesotho

The Prime Minister, Thomas Thabane, sought refuge in South Africa after members of the Lesotho Defence Force (LDF) were reportedly involved in an exchange of fire outside two police stations in the capital, Maseru, and surrounded Thabane’s official residence. Thabane, who on 29 August was believed to have ordered the dismissal of the Commander of the LDF, Lt-Gen. Tlali Kamoli, denounced what he termed an attempted coup, although a military spokesperson denied that the army had seized power and stated that the LDF’s operation was aimed only at disarming police who were preparing to provide weapons to ‘certain political parties’ in the country. On 31 August the Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Local Government and Chieftainship Affairs, Mothetjoa Metsing, travelled to South Africa, for talks hosted by that country's President, Jacob Zuma, under the auspices of the South African Development Community (SADC). Relations between Metsing and Thabane (leaders, respectively, of the Lesotho Congress for Democracy and the All Basotho Convention, which, along with the Basotho National Party, formed the ruling coalition) had deteriorated following the Prime Minister's decision, in June, to suspend the legislature for a period of nine months, supposedly in order to prevent a motion of no confidence being tabled against him. Upon the conclusion of the talks in Pretoria, Thabane agreed to return to Lesotho and committed to establishing a clear timeline towards removing the parliamentary suspension. Although SADC rejected Thanbane’s request to dispatch troops to Lesotho, the organization confirmed that it would send an envoy and an observer mission to the country.

28 August Turkey

Recep Tayyip Erdoğan was sworn into office for a five-year term as President. At an election held on 10 August, former Prime Minister Erdoğan had received 51.8% of the valid votes cast, thus becoming the first Turkish head of state to be elected by direct universal suffrage. (Previous heads of state had been elected by the members of the legislature.) Following his inauguration, the new President appointed his successor as Chairman of the Justice and Development Party, outgoing Minister of Foreign Affairs Prof. Dr Ahmet Davutoğlu, as Prime Minister. A new Council of Ministers was approved by President Erdoğan on 29 August. Beşir Atalay and Emrullah İşler were replaced as deputy prime ministers by Yalçın Akdoğan and Numan Kurtulmuş. Davutoğlu was succeeded as Minister of Foreign Affairs by Mevlüt Çavuşoğlu, previously the Minister of European Union Affairs, which post was allocated to Volkan Bozkır. Nurettin Canikli joined the Government as Minister of Customs and Trade. All other outgoing ministers retained their respective posts.

26 August Ukraine

President Petro Poroshenko dissolved the Supreme Council, scheduling pre-term legislative elections for 26 October. This measure followed the collapse of the governing coalition, principally comprising representatives of the Batkivshchyna (Fatherland) and Svoboda (Freedom) parties, which had assumed power following the removal from office and impeachment of the former president, Viktor Yanukovych, in February. Meanwhile, fighting in the two eastern-most regions of the country continued between, on one side, the Ukrainian military and allied volunteer battalions, and, on the other, the armed forces of the self-styled ‘People’s Republics’ of Donetsk and Luhansk, which supported reunification of these territories with Russia.

 


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