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Welcome to Europa World Plus

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Europa World Plus is the online version of the Europa World Year Book and the nine-volume Regional Surveys of the World series.

First published in 1926, the Europa World Year Book is renowned as one of the world's leading reference works, covering political and economic information in more than 250 countries and territories, from Afghanistan to Zimbabwe. The Europa Regional Surveys of the World offer in-depth, expert analysis at regional, sub-regional and country level.

Subscribers may download archival content from the Europa World Year Book.

Recent elections

Myanmar, 8 November 2015
Belize, 4 November 2015
Azerbaijan, 1 November 2015
Turkey, 1 November 2015
Argentina, 25 October and 22 November 2015
Côte d’Ivoire, 25 October 2015
Guatemala, 25 October 2015
Haiti, 25 October 2015
Poland, 25 October 2015

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Click for detailThe Argentine Republic occupies almost the whole of South America south of the Tropic of Capricorn and east of the Andes. Throughout the 20th century government generally alternated between military and civilian rule. The so-called ‘dirty war’ between the military regime and its opponents in 1976–83 ... (MORE)

Recent Events

22 November 2015 Argentina

Mauricio Macri of the opposition Cambiemos alliance won the second round of the presidential election. Macri, the centre-right mayor of Buenos Aires, attracted 51.4% of the votes (after 99.2% of votes had been counted), defeating Daniel Scioli, the nominee of the ruling Frente para la Victoria alliance, who secured 48.6% of the ballot. Macri had pledged, if elected, to bring about economic reform and to address corruption and crime levels, both of which were perceived to have risen under the rule of outgoing Peronist President Cristina Fernández de Kirchner. The new head of state was scheduled to take office on 10 December.

20 November 2015 Myanmar

The Union Election Commission released the final results of the general election that was held on 8 November. The National League for Democracy (NLD) led by Aung San Suu Kyi won a majority of seats in both chambers of parliament in the first openly contested general election in the country since 1990. The NLD would thus be able to select the new President, although Suu Kyi was constitutionally barred from the presidency on the grounds that her sons held foreign passports. The ruling military-backed Union Solidarity and Development Party suffered a collapse in support, but continuing military influence was ensured as one-quarter of the seats in both chambers of the legislature are reserved for appointed representatives of the armed forces, and certain key portfolios, defence, home affairs and border affairs, are allocated by the head of the armed forces. The new President will not be elected until the newly elected members of the legislature take office in February 2016; the pre-election legislators began their final parliamentary session, which runs to the end of January 2016, on 16 November 2015. The incumbent President Thein Sein and the armed forces both made announcements pledging to support a smooth transition of power.

17 November 2015 Romania

A new Government was sworn in, led by Dacian Cioloş, a former European Commissioner. The newly installed, non-party premier announced that the Government, which was to remain in place until legislative elections in late 2016, intended to tackle corruption and increase transparency. The former Prime Minister, Victor Ponta, had resigned on 4 November 2015, amid public protests, precipitated by a nightclub fire that killed more than 30 people. However, Ponta had been subject to increasing pressure to resign over previous months, particularly following corruption charges in September.

16 November 2015 Poland

A new, right-wing Government took office, led by Beata Szydło of the Prawo i Sprawiedliwość (PiS—Law and Justice) party. The cabinet predominantly comprised members of the PiS, which had been the first-placed political party in elections to both chambers of the Polish legislature, held on 25 October. The elections resulted in defeat for the ruling Platforma Obywatelska (Civic Platform) party, led by hitherto Prime Minister Ewa Kopacz.

12 November 2015 Turkey

Definitive results of the legislative elections held on 1 November were published by the High Electoral Board. The ruling Adalet ve Kalkınima Partisi (AKP—Justice and Development Party) secured an emphatic victory, winning some 49.5% of the valid votes cast and 317 of the 550 seats in the Grand National Assembly. The Cumhuriyet Halk Partisi (Republican People’s Party) won 25.3% of the vote and 134 seats, while the Milliyetçi Hareket Partisi (Nationalist Action Party) took 11.9% and 40 seats. The pro-Kurdish Halkların Demokratik Partisi (People’s Democratic Party) also surpassed the 10% threshold for representation, with 10.9% of the vote, securing 59 seats. Voter turnout was recorded at 85.2%. The poll followed the inconclusive result of legislative elections held in June 2015 and the subsequent failure of talks between the main parties over the formation of a coalition government.

10 November 2015 Portugal

The new centre-right coalition Government formed by the Partido Social Democrata (Social Democratic Party—PSD) and the Centro Democrático Social-Partido Popular (Social Democratic Centre-People’s Party—CDS-PP) and headed by Pedro Passos Coelho fell after it lost a vote in the Assembly of the Republic on its proposed programme. An unprecedented anti-austerity alliance of the centre-left, the radical left, Greens and Communists voted against the coalition Government, which had been in office for less than two weeks. The PSD/CDS-PP alliance, in office since 2011, whose stringent economic policies had secured Portugal’s exit from its bailout programme, had won the highest number of seats in legislative elections on 4 October, although it lost its overall majority.

5 November 2015 Haiti

According to Haiti’s electoral body, the Conseil Electoral Provisoire, Jovenel Moïse, candidate of the Parti Haïtien Tèt Kale, attracted the most votes in the presidential election on 25 October. Moïse, whose party was founded by incumbent President Michel Martelly, won 32.8% of the votes cast, short of an outright victory. He was to face second-placed candidate Jude Célestin of the Ligue Alternative pour le Progrès et l’Emancipation Haïtienne in a run-off ballot on 27 December. Célestin, who won 27.3% of the ballot, denounced the results as a ‘farce’; his allegation was supported by other presidential candidates. Meanwhile, protests against alleged electoral fraud continued in the capital, Port-au-Prince.

2 November 2015 Cote d'Ivoire

The Conseil Constitutionnel confirmed the results of the presidential election held on 25 October, according to which the incumbent head of state, Alassane Ouattara, was overwhelmingly re-elected having secured 83.7% of the valid votes cast. His nearest challenger, Pascal Affi N’Guessan of the Front Populaire Ivoirien, was attributed 9.3%, while the third placed candidate, Kouadio Konan Bertin, took 3.9%. None of the seven other candidates secured more than 0.9% of the ballot. The rate of participation by the electorate was officially recorded at 52.9%.


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