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Welcome to Europa World Plus

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Europa World Plus is the online version of the Europa World Year Book and the nine-volume Regional Surveys of the World series.

First published in 1926, the Europa World Year Book is renowned as one of the world's leading reference works, covering political and economic information in more than 250 countries and territories, from Afghanistan to Zimbabwe. The Europa Regional Surveys of the World offer in-depth, expert analysis at regional, sub-regional and country level.

Subscribers may now download archival content from the Europa World Year Book.

Recent elections

Croatia, 28 December 2014 and 11 January 2015
Uzbekistan, 21 December 2014 and 4 January 2015
Tunisia, 21 December 2014
Japan, 14 December 2014
Mauritius, 10 December 2014
Dominica, 8 December 2014
Moldova, 30 November 2014
Greenland, 28 November 2014

Free Sample Country


Click for detailThe Argentine Republic occupies almost the whole of South America south of the Tropic of Capricorn and east of the Andes. Throughout the 20th century government generally alternated between military and civilian rule. The so-called ‘dirty war’ between the military regime and its opponents in 1976–83 ... (MORE)

Recent Events

14 January 2015 Italy

President Giorgio Napolitano, head of state since 2006, announced that he was to step down from the presidency part-way through his second term in office, citing poor health. Napolitano, aged 89, had been persuaded to stand for re-election in April 2013 during a time of political deadlock following a general election, and after the electoral college convened to elect the President had failed, in the first five rounds of voting, to produce a clear winner.

11 January 2015 Croatia

Following a second round of voting in the presidential election, preliminary results indicated that Kolinda Grabar-Kitarović had secured 50.7% of the votes cast, becoming Croatia’s first female President. The incumbent, Ivo Josipović, was the second-placed candidate, with 49.3% of the votes. The rate of participation by the electorate was some 59.1%. Grabar-Kitarović was to be sworn into office on 19 February.

8 January 2015 Sri Lanka

At an early presidential election Maithripala Sirisena was victorious, securing 51.3% of the votes cast. The incumbent President, Mahinda Rajapaksa, won 47.6% of the votes, while 17 other candidates also contested the election, none of whom won more than 0.2% of the votes. Turnout was estimated at 81.5%. Although both of the main candidates were members of the ruling Sri Lanka Freedom Party (Sirisena had served as Minister of Health in Rajapaksa’s Government until the announcement of his candidacy in November 2014), the victor contested the election as the common candidate of the main opposition parties. Sirisena was inaugurated as President on 9 January 2015 and a new coalition Cabinet was sworn in on 12 January; Ranil Wickremasinghe, the leader of the United National Party, was appointed Prime Minister. Sirisena pledged to amend the Constitution in order to replace the executive presidency with a fully parliamentary system of government and to hold parliamentary elections within 100 days of coming to power.

29 December Greece

The Greek Vouli (Parliament) was dissolved, and new legislative elections were scheduled for 25 January. The dissolution of the Vouli took place in compliance with the terms of the Constitution, following three rounds of presidential voting in the Vouli, in which Stavros Dimas, a former European Commissioner and the candidate supported by Prime Minister Antonis Samaras, had repeatedly failed to secure sufficient support for his election as president. The announcement of pre-term elections prompted international concern that the political upheaval may lead to renewed economic instability.

21 December Tunisia

At a presidential run-off election, Béji Caïd Essebsi secured 55.7% of the valid votes cast, thus becoming Tunisia’s first freely elected President. His opponent, Moncef Marzouki, took 44.3% of the vote. Turnout was recorded at 60.1%. Essebsi was formally sworn into office on 31 December, and on 5 January 2015 he instructed Habib Essid to form a new government.

17 December Cuba

The Presidents of Cuba and the USA announced their countries’ intention to resume full diplomatic relations after almost 54 years of hostilities. The simultaneous declaration by Raúl Castro and Barack Obama followed 18 months of secret negotiations, overseen by Pope Francis and the Government of Canada. The agreement to normalize relations between the two countries encompassed the release of prisoners, including the last remaining three prisoners of the so-called ‘Cuban Five’, who had been jailed in the USA on spying charges, and Alan Gross, a US citizen imprisoned in Cuba since 2009 also after being convicted of espionage. However, the US trade embargo of Cuba remained in place.

16 December Pakistan

A small group of militants stormed a school operated by the Pakistani army in Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtoonkhwa. According to initial reports more than 130 people, mostly schoolchildren, were killed during the assault. Responsibility for the attack was claimed by the Islamist militant organization Tehrik-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP), which stated that the attack was launched in retaliation for the ongoing Pakistani military campaign against militant groups, including the TTP, in North Waziristan. Operation Zarb-e-Azb was launched in June 2014, following the failure of peace negotiations between representatives of the Government and the TTP; by mid-December some 1,600 militants were estimated to have been killed in the fighting.

14 December Japan

An election took place to the House of Representatives. It had been called at short notice by Prime Minister Shinzo Abe in order to secure a further mandate for his economic reforms. The ruling coalition, comprising Abe’s Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) and its partner New Komeito, retained its two-thirds’ majority in the chamber, with the LDP winning 291 of the 475 seats in the legislature and New Komeito 35. The principal opposition party, the Democratic Party of Japan (DPJ), polled poorly, although it increased its representation from 57 seats at the last election to 73 seats. The President of the DPJ, Banri Kaieda, lost his seat and subsequently resigned as party leader.


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