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Welcome to Europa World Plus

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Europa World Plus is the online version of the Europa World Year Book and the nine-volume Regional Surveys of the World series.

First published in 1926, the Europa World Year Book is renowned as one of the world's leading reference works, covering political and economic information in more than 250 countries and territories, from Afghanistan to Zimbabwe. The Europa Regional Surveys of the World offer in-depth, expert analysis at regional, sub-regional and country level.

Subscribers may now download archival content from the Europa World Year Book.

Recent elections

Uruguay, 26 October 2014
Botswana, 24 October 2014
Mozambique (presidential), 15 October 2014
Mozambique (legislative), 15 October 2014
Bolivia, 12 October 2014
São Tomé and Príncipe, 12 October 2014
Brazil, 5 and 26 October 2014
Bulgaria, 5 October 2014

Free Sample Country


Click for detailThe Argentine Republic occupies almost the whole of South America south of the Tropic of Capricorn and east of the Andes. Throughout the 20th century government generally alternated between military and civilian rule. The so-called ‘dirty war’ between the military regime and its opponents in 1976–83 ... (MORE)

Recent Events

23 November Tunisia

The first presidential election since the removal from power of Zine al-Abidine Ben Ali in 2011 took place. A former interim Prime Minister, Béji Caïd Essebsi of Nidaa Tounes, emerged as the leading candidate, winning 39.5% of the valid votes cast. The incumbent interim President, Moncef Marzouki, was placed second with 33.4%. Hamma Hammami, of the left-wing Front Populaire, took 7.8%. Of the 24 remaining candidates, Hechmi Hamdi and Slim Riahi were the only ones to receive more than 5.0%. Owing to the failure of any one candidate to secure more than 50% of the vote, Essebsi and Marzouki were expected to contest a run-off election in late December 2014. The presidential election followed confirmation of the results of elections to a new legislature, the Assembly of the Representatives of the People, held on 26 October. At those elections Nidaa Tounes secured the largest representation, with 86 of the 217 seats available. The Islamist Al-Nahdah/Parti de la Renaissance won 69 seats. Riahi’s Union Patriotique Libre took 16 seats, the Front Populaire 15 and Afek Tounes eight. The remaining 23 seats were shared among smaller parties.

4 November USA

The Republican Party made significant gains in mid-term legislative elections, securing a majority in the US Senate and extending its advantage in the House of Representatives. Following the ballot, at which 36 upper house seats and all 435 lower house seats were contested, the Republicans held 53 senate seats, and the Democrats controlled 46 (one seat was yet to be decided); in the House of Representatives the Republicans increased their representation to at least 244 seats, while the Democrats were assured only of 188 seats (three seats were still undecided). Concurrent gubernatorial elections were held in 37 states, from which the Republicans emerged with a net gain of two governorships, while the Democrats lost three governorships overall. President Barack Obama of the Democratic Party thus confronted a Republican-controlled Congress for the two remaining years of his final term of office.

31 October Burkina Faso

Blaise Compaoré, head of state since 1987, announced his resignation from the presidency and declared a ‘power vacuum to allow for the immediate establishment of a transitional authority’. Compaoré had, earlier in October 2014, declared his intention to seek to amend the Constitution in order to enable him to stand for a further term of office, precipitating large-scale demonstrations, which culminated in protesters setting fire to the parliament buildings on 30 October. Upon Compaoré’s resignation Gen. Honoré Nabéré Traoré, the Chief of the General Staff of the Armed Forces, stated that he had assumed power; however, on 1 November the army named Lt-Col Isaac Zida (the former deputy commander of the Regiment of Presidential Security) as the leader of a transitional government. Popular protests continued nevertheless, and the African Union, the USA and the Economic Community of West African States all condemned the military takeover. Discussions between representatives from the military and political parties, and civil and religious leaders regarding a framework for a transitional government were concluded on 13 November, and on 17 November Michel Kafondo, a former Burkinabè ambassador to the UN, was selected as Interim President. Zida was subsequently appointed Prime Minister of a 26-member government, in which the most senior positions were awarded to members of the military, while a 90-member transitional council was to serve as the country’s legislature until the holding of elections, scheduled for November 2015.

29 October Zambia

The death was announced of Michael Sata, President since September 2011, following a prolonged period of illness. The Vice-President, Guy Scott, assumed the functions of head of government in an acting capacity, pending a presidential election which was constitutionally required to be held within 90 days.

28 October Botswana

Seretse Khama Ian Khama was inaugurated for a second consecutive five-year presidential term, following the victory of his Botswana Democratic Party (BDP) at legislative elections held on 24 October. According to official results released by the Independent Electoral Commission, the BDP secured 37 of the 57 available seats in the National Assembly (compared with 45 at the 2009 elections), while the Umbrella for Democratic Change, a coalition of three parties, took 17 seats. The remaining three seats were taken by the Botswana Congress Party.

26 October Brazil

Dilma Rousseff of the ruling Partido dos Trabalhadores secured victory in the second round of the presidential election. Rousseff, who was seeking a further term in office, had won 41.6% of the first round vote on 5 October, short of the outright majority needed to avoid a run-off ballot. Rousseff attracted 51.6% of the valid votes in the second round of voting, while her opponent, Aécio Neves of the Partido da Social Democracia Brasileira, garnered 48.4% of the ballot.

26 October Ukraine

Pre-term elections to the Verkhovna Rada (Supreme Council) were held. According to provisional results, the Blok Petra Poroshenka (Petro Poroshenko Bloc—allied to the President elected in May) obtained 132 of the 450 seats, ahead of: the Narodny Front (People’s Front), led by Prime Minister Arseniy Yatsenyuk, with 82 seats; the Samopomich (Self-Help) party founded by the Mayor of Lviv, Andriy Sadovy, with 33 seats; the Opozytsiyny Blok (Opposition Bloc), comprising allies of the ousted President, Viktor Yanukovych, with 29 seats; the Radikalna Partiya Oleha Lyashka (Radical Party of Oleh Lyashko), with 22 seats; and the Batkivshchyna (Fatherland) party of former Prime Minister Yuliya Tymoshenko, with 19 seats. Five other parties obtained legislative representation, while in elections to single-mandate seats some 96 non-partisan deputies were elected; 27 seats remained vacant, as it had not been possible to hold elections in Crimea and Sevasatopol, which had been annexed by Russia, nor in those areas of the eastern Donetsk and Luhansk Oblasts that remained outside Ukrainian state control. On 2 November the separatist authorities in those regions held elections, which were unrecognized by the Ukrainian Government, to the legislatures and presidencies of the self-declared ‘People's Republics’. The new Verkhovna Rada was scheduled to convene on 1 December, and the formation of a coalition government was expected to be formed shortly afterwards.

20 October Indonesia

Joko Widodo, who won the presidential election on 9 July, was sworn in as President. Widodo, who had previously been directly elected to the posts of mayor of Solo and Governor of Jakarta, is the first Indonesian President from outside the political and military élite. His new 34-member Cabinet, which was sworn in on 27 October, comprised many technocrats, notably with responsibility for the economic portfolios, with a view to implementing much-needed reforms. The Cabinet also included the career diplomat Retno Marsudi as the country’s first female Minister of Foreign Affairs.


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