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Europa World Plus is the online version of the Europa World Year Book and the nine-volume Regional Surveys of the World series.

First published in 1926, the Europa World Year Book is renowned as one of the world's leading reference works, covering political and economic information in more than 250 countries and territories, from Afghanistan to Zimbabwe. The Europa Regional Surveys of the World offer in-depth, expert analysis at regional, sub-regional and country level.

Subscribers may download archival content from the Europa World Year Book.

Recent elections

Barbados, 24 May 2018
Colombia, 27 May 2018
Venezuela, 20 May 2018
Timor-Leste, 12 May 2018
Malaysia, 9 May 2018
Greenland, 24 April 2018
Paraguay, 22 April 2018

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Click for detailThe Argentine Republic occupies almost the whole of South America south of the Tropic of Capricorn and east of the Andes. Throughout the 20th century government generally alternated between military and civilian rule. The so-called ‘dirty war’ between the military regime and its opponents in 1976–83 ... (MORE)

Recent Events

14 June 2018 Egypt

A new Cabinet was sworn in by President Abd al-Fatah al-Sisi. Mostafa Madbouly, who had served as the Minister of Housing and Urban Development in the outgoing administration of Sherif Ismail, was confirmed as Prime Minister. Most notable among the new appointees were Mohamed Ahmed Zaki, who replaced Col Gen. Sidki Sobhi Sayed Ahmed as Minister of Defence, Mahmoud Tawfik, who became Minister of the Interior, and Mohamed Maait, who was promoted to Minister of Finance, having previously been a deputy in that ministry.

14 June 2018 Jordan

A new Government, under Omar al-Razzaz as Prime Minister and Minister of Defence, was sworn in to office by King Abdullah bin al-Hussein. Rajai Muasher became Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of State, while Ezzedine Kanakrieh succeeded Omar Malhas as Minister of Finance. The outgoing Ministers of Foreign and Expatriate Affairs and of the Interior both retained their portfolios. The appointment of a new cabinet followed the resignation of Hani Mulki as Prime Minister in early June, amid large-scale protests in the capital, Amman, and other cities against his Government’s economic policies.

01 June 2018 Spain

Pedro Sánchez, leader of the Partido Socialista Obrero Español (PSOE), became Prime Minister after Mariano Rajoy of the Partido Popular (PP), who had been premier since 2011, lost a vote of confidence tabled by the PSOE by 180 votes to 169, with one abstention. The PSOE was supported in the vote by left-wing Podemos and regionalist parties, while centrist Ciudadanos voted with the PP. The vote was called after 29 people were convicted at the end of May in the so-called Gürtel case involving bribery, money laundering, corruption and illegal financing of the PP. One of those convicted was a former treasurer of the PP who was sentenced to 33 years, while other PP officials and business people also received lengthy sentences.

01 June 2018 Italy

A new Government formed by the populist, anti-establishment MoVimento 5 Stelle (M5S) and the far-right, anti-immigration Lega Nord, was sworn in, following prolonged negotiations after inconclusive elections held in early March. President Sergio Mattarella had earlier rejected Prime Minister-designate Giuseppe Conte’s choice of Paolo Savona, a Eurosceptic, as Minister of Finance, and Conte had then opted not to form a government. Mattarella’s refusal to accept the agreed minister was followed by political and economic turmoil in Italy. The President tasked a former International Monetary Fund official, Carlo Cottarelli, with forming an interim administration of technocrats. However, the M5S and the Lega recommenced negotiations, and a new administration under Conte, an academic, was agreed, with Savona as European Affairs minister and Giovanni Tria as Minister of Finance. Luigi Di Maio, leader of M5S, and Matteo Salvini, leader of the Lega, became Deputy Prime Ministers and Minister of Labour and Economic Development, and of the Interior, respectively.

27 May 2018 Colombia

Iván Duque, of the centre-right Centro Democrático, won the most votes in the presidential election, with 39.2% of the valid votes. The left-wing former mayor of Bogotá, Gustavo Petro, was second-placed with 25.1% of the votes, just ahead of Sergio Fajardo, the centre-left nominee of the Polo Democrático Alternativo and the Compromiso Ciudadano. Duque had the support of former President Alvaro Uribe, who opposed the 2016 peace agreement reached with the Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia, considering it to be too lenient towards the former guerrilla grouping. The election was the first since the peace accord was signed. As no candidate won more than 50% of the votes cast, a run-off ballot between the two leading contenders was scheduled to be held on 17 June.

24 May 2018 Barbados

The Barbados Labour Party (BLP) won a landslide victory in the general election, securing all 30 seats in the House of Assembly. Conceding defeat, outgoing Prime Minister Freundel Stuart, leader of the Democratic Labour Party, took responsibility for his party’s poor performance. He congratulated his successor, Mia Mottley, leader of the BLP. Mottley was sworn into office the following day. She also took responsibility for the finance and the economy portfolios in the new BLP Cabinet.

20 May 2018 Venezuela

The Consejo Nacional Electoral declared Nicolás Maduro the winner of the presidential election. According to preliminary official results, Maduro, the incumbent head of state, attracted 67.7% of the valid votes cast. His nearest rival, opposition candidate Henri Falcón, won 21.1% of the votes. Falcón, who had defied an opposition boycott of the elections, and third-placed candidate, the evangelical pastor Javier Bertucci, both denounced the results, citing widespread irregularities in the electoral process. Before the vote, the international community, particularly Venezuela’s Latin American neighbours, had urged the Government to postpone the ballot until opposition parties agreed to participate and electoral transparency could be guaranteed, and warned that the results would not be recognized internationally. The rate of participation was much lower than in previous ballots, at just 46%.

12 May 2018 Iraq

Elections to an enlarged, 329-seat Council of Representatives took place. According to final results published by the Independent High Electoral Commission, the Saairun (Forward) Alliance formed by Muqtada al-Sadr’s Sadrist Movement, the Iraqi Communist Party and four smaller parties, emerged as the largest group with 54 seats. The al-Fatah alliance, a pro-Iranian group representing the Shi‘a Popular Mobilization Units formed to fight Islamic State in the north of Iraq and led by Hadi al-Amiri, took 47 seats. The Nasr (Victory) alliance of Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi was placed third, winning just 42 seats. Other notable results included those of former premier Nuri Kamal al-Maliki’s State of Law coalition (26 seats) and the Kurdish Democratic Party (25 seats). Voter turnout was 44.5%.


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