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Europa World Plus is the online version of the Europa World Year Book and the nine-volume Regional Surveys of the World series.

First published in 1926, the Europa World Year Book is renowned as one of the world's leading reference works, covering political and economic information in more than 250 countries and territories, from Afghanistan to Zimbabwe. The Europa Regional Surveys of the World offer in-depth, expert analysis at regional, sub-regional and country level.

Subscribers may download archival content from the Europa World Year Book.

Recent elections

Finland, 14 April 2019
Andorra, 7 April 2019
Solomon Islands, 3 April 2019
Comoros, 24 March 2019
Slovakia, 16 and 30 March 2019
Guinea-Bissau, 10 March 2019
Estonia, 3 March 2019
British Virgin Islands, 25 February 2019

Free Sample Country


Click for detailThe Argentine Republic occupies almost the whole of South America south of the Tropic of Capricorn and east of the Andes. Throughout the 20th century government generally alternated between military and civilian rule. The so-called ‘dirty war’ between the military regime and its opponents in 1976–83 ... (MORE)

Recent Events

11 April 2019 Democratic People's Republic of Korea

At the first session of the 14th Supreme People’s Assembly Kim Jong Un was re-elected as Chairman of the State Affairs Commission. He was referred to in the session as ‘the supreme leader of the Korean people’ by the director of the Organization and Guidance Department, Choe Ryong Hae, who replaced the long-serving Kim Yong Nam as President of the Presidium and thus titular head of state. Choe Ryong Hae was also appointed to the new position of Vice-Chairman of the State Affairs Commission. As part of a major political reorganization Kim Jae Ryong, a senior party official, replaced Pak Pong Ju as Premier. The day before the SPA convened, at the Fourth Plenary Meeting of the Seventh Central Committee of the WPK, the Politburo was expanded and Pak Pong Ju and Ri Man Gon were elected as Vice-Chairmen of the Central Committee.

11 April 2019 Sudan

Following several months of protests and disturbances, it was announced that Field Marshall Omar Hassan Ahmad al-Bashir, head of state since 1989, had been removed from the presidency and detained by the Sudanese military. Lt.-Gen. Awad Mohamed Ahmed Ibn Auf, the Minister of Defence, who had been appointed as First Vice-President in late February when al-Bashir had declared a 12-month national state of emergency, dissolved the Council of Ministers and replaced all 18 state governors, confirmed al-Bahir’s ouster during an address broadcast by the state television network. Furthermore, Ibn Auf stated that the army would lead a two-year transitional period, that a three-month state of emergency would be enacted, that the Constitution of 2005 would be abrogated and that a Transitional Military Council (TMC) would be formed. On 12 April Ibn Auf resigned as head of the TMC and Lt-Gen. Abdel Fattah al-Burhan Abdelrahman was designated as that body’s new Chairman.

10 April 2019 United Kingdom

At a special meeting of the European Council of the European Union (EU), at which Prime Minister Theresa May sought a short delay to the deadline for the United Kingdom’s exit from the EU (Brexit), the 27 other member states offered a longer extension to the UK’s departure date, to 31 October. This date could be brought forward if earlier agreement was reached on a withdrawal deal. The UK had originally been due to leave the EU on 29 March; this deadline had, earlier in March, been extended to 12 April (or 22 May if Parliament accepted the agreement by 12 April). However, Members of Parliament (MPs) had been unable to agree to May’s deal as negotiated with the EU (meaningful votes having rejected it on 15 January and on 12 and 29 March), and indicative votes by MPs had failed to elicit agreement on alternative arrangements. If no agreement was reached before 22 May, the delay would entail the UK taking part in elections to the European Parliament, scheduled in EU member states for 23–26 May.

2 April 2019 Algeria

Abdelaziz Bouteflika announced his immediate resignation as President. This followed a public intervention by the Vice-Minister of National Defence and Chief of Staff of the People’s National Army, Lt-Gen. Ahmed Gaid Salah, who urged that Bouteflika be forced to step down in accordance with Article 102 of the Constitution, which outlined the process for removing a President from office in cases of incapacity. According to the Constitution, the President of the Council of the Nation, Abdelkader Bensalah, was to become head of state on an interim basis. In early March large-scale popular protests against a fifth term of office for Bouteflika had prompted him to postpone the presidential election scheduled to take place in April, and to announce a period of transition to a new presidency and government. However, the protests continued into the following month, with demonstrators demanding Bouteflika’s removal. Meanwhile, on 1–2 April, a new Council of Ministers took office under Noureddine Bedoui as Prime Minister. Most notably, Sabri Boukadoum replaced Ramtane Lamamra as Minister of Foreign Affairs, while the Governor of the central bank, Mohamed Loukal, joined the Government as Minister of Finance.

2 April 2019 Comoros

The Supreme Court confirmed the re-election to the presidency of the incumbent Col Assoumani Azali, who was attributed 59.1% of the valid votes cast at the poll held on 24 March. The results of the poll had been considerably revised from those announced by the Commission Electorale Nationale Indépendante on 26 March, although the comprehensive nature of Azali’s victory was unchanged. (His closest rival, among 12 other candidates, was Ahamada Mahamoudou, who took 15.7% of the votes, while Mouigni Baraka Saïd Soilihi was placed third with 5.5%. The rate of voter participation was officially recorded at 53.0%.) Violent clashes were reported on the archipelago following the initial announcement of the outcome of the ballot, which was denounced as fraudulent by several of the defeated candidates, and observers from the African Union and from the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa stated that they believed that the elections lacked credibility and transparency.

30 March 2019 Slovakia

The second round of presidential voting took place, following a first round on 16 March. Zuzana Čaputová, a lawyer regarded as a liberal candidate, secured the presidency with some 58.4% of the votes cast, defeating Maroš Šefčovič, a Vice-President at the European Commission. The incumbent President, Andrej Kiska, had declined to seek re-election. The rate of participation by the electorate in the second round of voting was recorded at 41.8%. Čaputová, who pledged to combat corruption, was due to be sworn in on 15 June.

24 March 2019 Thailand

The first legislative election took place under the new Constitution, which was ratified in April 2017, having been drawn up after a military coup in 2014. The Constitution provided for an appointed Senate of 250 members, selected by the military junta, which would share responsibility with the membership of the House of Representatives for electing a Prime Minister, so that a non-military affiliated party would need to win 376 seats in the 500-member House of Representatives to win power. Official results were not to be released until 9 May, amid allegations of fraud and electoral irregularities; the delay in publishing the results also led to an erosion of trust in the Election Commission. Incomplete preliminary results appeared to suggest that Pheu Thai, the party linked to the exiled former premier Thaksin Shinawatra, had won the largest number of seats in the lower house, while Palang Pracharat, the party established to support the candidacy of military leader Gen. Prayuth Chan-ocha, had won the popular vote and secured the second largest share of seats. Both parties were engaged in attempting to form coalitions with other like-minded parties with a view to forming a government. The Democrat Party performed poorly, while the new Future Forward Party, appealing for a fresh approach in Thai politics, polled unexpectedly well.

19 March 2019 Kazakhstan

Nursultan Nazarbaev announced his resignation as President, to take effect from 20 March 2019. He had held this position since the establishment of the republican presidency in March 1990, prior to Kazakhstani independence from the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) in December 1991. He had previously served as Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic, within the USSR, since 1984. In addition to retaining the honorary title of Elbası (Leader of the Nation) granted by law in 2010, Nazarbaev was to retain the chairmanship of the ruling Nur Otan Halıqtıq Demokratïyaliq Partïyasi (Light of the Fatherland People’s Democratic Party) and the lifetime chairmanship of the supervisory Security Council, while enjoying immunity from prosecution. The presidency was assumed on an interim basis, until elections subsequently brought forward from 2020 to 9 June 2019, by the hitherto Chairman of the Senate, Qasım-Jomart Toqaev. On 20 March the daughter of the outgoing President, Dariğa Nazarbaeva, was elected to Toqaev’s former position.


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